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Infectious Diseases >> Tuberculosis


  • A combination four antibiotics-isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol, the most effective drugs against TB-is prescribed for six to nine months. After two months the treatment is usually reduced to only isoniazid and rifampin. The antibiotics must be taken for the full term prescribed, both to cure the infection and to prevent the development of drug-resistant TB strains.
  • Patients should get plenty of rest until symptoms subside.
  • TB sufferers should sneeze or cough into disposable tissues to prevent the spread of infection.
  • Hospitalization in an isolation room with adequate ventilation may be necessary to prevent the spread of TB until the infection has been brought under control.
  • Surgery to remove damaged lung tissue may be performed in advanced cases of drug-resistant TB.

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Bioinformatics Centre
Jamnalal Bajaj Tropical Disease Research Centre
Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram - 442 102