Diagnosis, Diagnostics, Immunodiagnosis & Immunodiagnostics:  

9680.    Anderson EJ, Weber SG. Rotavirus infection in adults. Lancet Infect Dis. 2004 Feb;4(2):91-9. Review.

9681.    Araya T, Reniers G, Schaap A, Kebede D, Kumie A, Nagelkerke N, Coutinho R, Sanders E. Lay diagnosis of causes of death for monitoring AIDS mortality in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Trop Med Int Health. 2004 Jan;9(1):178-86.

9682.    Beatty ME, Griffin PM, Tulu AN, Olsen SJ. Culturing practices and antibiotic use in children with diarrhea. Pediatrics. 2004 Mar;113(3 Pt 1):628-9.

9683.    Blake JE, Mitsikosta F, Metcalfe MA. Immunological detection and cytotoxic properties of toxins from toxin A-positive, toxin B-positive Clostridium difficile variants. J Med Microbiol. 2004 Mar;53(Pt 3):197-205.

9684.    Broor S, Ghosh D, Mathur P.  Molecular epidemiology of rotavirus in India. Indian J med Res 2002; 118(Aug): 59-67.

9685.    Camilleri M. Chronic diarrhea: a review on pathophysiology and management for the clinical gastroenterologist. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2004 Mar;2(3):198-206. Review.

9686.    Casburn-Jones AC, Farthing MJ. Management of infectious diarrhoea. Gut. 2004 Feb;53(2):296-305. Review.

9687.    Caunedo A, Rodriguez-Tellez M, Garcia-Montes JM, Gomez-Rodriguez BJ, Guerrero J, Herrerias JM Jr, Pellicer F, Herrerias JM. Usefulness of capsule endoscopy in patients with suspected small bowel disease. Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 2004 Jan;96(1):10-21.

9688.     Di Sabatino A, Ciccocioppo R, Cinque B, Millimaggi D, Morera R, Ricevuti L, Cifone MG, Corazza GR. Defective mucosal T cell death is sustainably reverted by infliximab in a caspase dependent pathway in Crohn's disease. Gut. 2004 Jan;53(1):70-7.

9689.     el-Karaksy H, el-Shabrawi M, Mohsen N, Kotb M, el-Koofy N, el-Deeb N. Capillaria philippinensis: a cause of fatal diarrhea in one of two infected Egyptian sisters. J Trop Pediatr. 2004 Feb;50(1):57-60.

9690.     Eslick GD, Howell SC, Hammer J, Talley NJ. Empirically derived symptom sub-groups correspond poorly with diagnostic criteria for functional dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome. A factor and cluster analysis of a patient sample. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2004 Jan 1;19(1):133-40.

9691.     Fraquelli M, Colli A, Colucci A, Bardella MT, Trovato C, Pometta R, Pagliarulo M, Conte D. Accuracy of ultrasonography in predicting celiac disease. Arch Intern Med. 2004 Jan 26;164(2):169-74.

9692.     Goldberg RM, Sargent DJ, Morton RF, Fuchs CS, Ramanathan RK, Williamson SK, Findlay BP, Pitot HC, Alberts SR. A randomized controlled trial of fluorouracil plus leucovorin, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin combinations in patients with previously untreated metastatic colorectal cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2004 Jan 1;22(1):23-30.

9693.     Gupta YK, Gupta M, Aneja S, Kohli K. Current drug therapy of protozoal diarrhoea. Indian J Pediatr. 2004 Jan;71(1):55-8. Review.

9694.     Infante RM, Ericsson CD, Jiang ZD, Ke S, Steffen R, Riopel L, Sack DA, DuPont HL. Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli diarrhea in travelers: response to rifaximin therapy. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2004 Feb;2(2):135-8.

9695.    Jimenez JC, Fontaine J, Grzych JM, Dei-Cas E, Capron M. Systemic and mucosal responses to oral administration of excretory and secretory antigens from Giardia intestinalis. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2004 Jan;11(1):152-60.

9696.     Mearin F, Baro E, Roset M, Badia X, Zarate N, Perez I. Clinical patterns over time in irritable bowel syndrome: symptom instability and severity variability. Am J Gastroenterol. 2004 Jan;99(1):113-21.

9697.     Mearin F, Roset M, Badia X, Balboa A, Baro E, Ponce J, Diaz-Rubio M, Caldwell E, Cucala M, Fueyo A, Talley NJ. Splitting irritable bowel syndrome: from original Rome to Rome II criteria. Am J Gastroenterol. 2004 Jan;99(1):122-30.

9698.    Muniz AE, Bartle S, Foster R. Edema, anemia, hypoproteinemia, and acrodermatitis enteropathica: an uncommon initial presentation of cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2004 Feb;20(2):112-4.

9699.    Mwachari CW, Shepherd BE, Cleopa O, Odhiambo JA, Cohen CR. Mortality and burden of disease in a cohort of HIV-seropositive adults in Nairobi, Kenya. Int J STD AIDS. 2004 Feb;15(2):120-6.

9700.   Olesen M, Eriksson S, Bohr J, Jarnerot G, Tysk C. Microscopic colitis: a common diarrhoeal disease. An epidemiological study in Orebro, Sweden, 1993-1998. Gut. 2004 Mar;53(3):346-50.

9701.    Pang XL, Lee B, Boroumand N, Leblanc B, Preiksaitis JK, Yu Ip CC. Increased detection of rotavirus using a real time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay in stool specimens from children with diarrhea. J Med Virol. 2004 Mar;72(3):496-501.

9702.    Penny ME, Marin RM, Duran A, Peerson JM, Lanata CF, Lonnerdal B, Black RE, Brown KH. Randomized controlled trial of the effect of daily supplementation with zinc or multiple micronutrients on the morbidity, growth, and micronutrient status of young Peruvian children. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Mar;79(3):457-65.

9703.    Probert CS, Jones PR, Ratcliffe NM. A novel method for rapidly diagnosing the causes of diarrhoea. Gut. 2004 Jan;53(1):58-61.

9704.     Qadri F, Bhuiyan TR, Dutta KK, Raqib R, Alam MS, Alam NH, Svennerholm AM, Mathan MM. Acute dehydrating disease caused by Vibrio cholerae serogroups O1 and O139 induce increases in innate cells and inflammatory mediators at the mucosal surface of the gut. Gut. 2004 Jan;53(1):62-9.

9705.    Rao SS. Pathophysiology of adult fecal incontinence. Gastroenterology. 2004 Jan;126(1 Suppl 1):S14-22. Review.

9706.    Ray PG, Kelkar SD. Measurement of antirotavirus IgM/IgA/IgG responses in the serum samples of Indian children following rotavirus diarrhoea and their mothers. J Med Virol. 2004 Mar;72(3):416-23.

9707.    Ray PG, Kelkar SD. Prevalence of neutralizing antibodies against different rotavirus serotypes in children with severe rotavirus-induced diarrhea and their mothers. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2004 Jan;11(1):186-94.

9708.    Regua-Mangia AH, Gomes TA, Vieira MA, Andrade JR, Irino K, Teixeira LM. Frequency and characteristics of diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli strains isolated from children with and without diarrhoea in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. J Infect. 2004 Feb;48(2):161-7.

9709.    Rubenstein J, Sherif A, Appelman H, Chey WD. Ulcerative colitis associated enteritis: is ulcerative colitis always confined to the colon? J Clin Gastroenterol. 2004 Jan;38(1):46-51. Review.

9710.     Thielman NM, Guerrant RL. Clinical practice. Acute infectious diarrhea. N Engl J Med. 2004 Jan 1;350(1):38-47. Review.

9711.     Van den Berg RJ, Claas EC, Oyib DH, Klaassen CH, Dijkshoorn L, Brazier JS, Kuijper EJ. Characterization of toxin A-negative, toxin B-positive Clostridium difficile isolates from outbreaks in different countries by amplified fragment length polymorphism and PCR ribotyping. J Clin Microbiol. 2004 Mar;42(3):1035-41.

9712.     Wang L, Sunyer JO, Bello LJ. Fusion to C3d enhances the immunogenicity of the E2 glycoprotein of type 2 bovine viral diarrhea virus. J Virol. 2004 Feb;78(4):1616-22.

9713.     Xing J, Larive B, Mekhail N, Soffer E. Transcutaneous electrical acustimulation can reduce visceral perception in patients with the irritable bowel syndrome: a pilot study. Altern Ther Health Med. 2004 Jan-Feb;10(1):38-42.


9714.     Ahmed MU, Kobayashi N, Wakuda M, Sanekata T, Taniguchi K, Kader A, Naik TN, Ishino M, Alam MM, Kojima K, Mise K, Sumi A. Genetic analysis of group B human rotaviruses detected in Bangladesh in 2000 and 2001. J Med Virol. 2004 Jan;72(1):149-55.

9715.     Bai Y, Dai YC, Li JD, Nie J, Chen Q, Wang H, Rui YY, Zhang YL, Yu SY. Acute diarrhea during army field exercise in southern China. World J Gastroenterol. 2004 Jan;10(1):127-31.

9716.     Cheng VC, Hung IF, Tang BS, Chu CM, Wong MM, Chan KH, Wu AK, Tse DM, Chan KS, Zheng BJ, Peiris JS, Sung JJ, Yuen KY. Viral replication in the nasopharynx is associated with diarrhea in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Feb 15;38(4):467-75.

9717.     Dillingham R, Guerrant RL. Childhood stunting: measuring and stemming the staggering costs of inadequate water and sanitation. Lancet. 2004 Jan 10;363(9403):94-5.

9718.     Esona MD, Armah GE, Geyer A, Steele AD. Detection of an unusual human rotavirus strain with G5P[8] specificity in a Cameroonian child with diarrhea. J Clin Microbiol. 2004 Jan;42(1):441-4.

9719.     Espul C, Martinez N, Noel JS, Cuello H, Abrile C, Grucci S, Glass R, Berke T, Matson DO. Prevalence and characterization of astroviruses in Argentinean children with acute gastroenteritis. J Med Virol. 2004 Jan;72(1):75-82.

9720.     Gerding DN. Clindamycin, cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, and Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea: this is an antimicrobial resistance problem. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Mar 1;38(5):646-8. Epub 2004 Feb 11.

9721.     Kaper JB, Nataro JP, Mobley HL. Pathogenic Escherichia coli. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2004 Feb;2(2):123-40. Review.

9722.     Khatami SS, Mukunda B, Ravakhah K. Coinfection with Giardia lamblia and Clostridium difficile after use of ranitidine. Am J Med Sci. 2004 Feb;327(2):91-3.

9723.     Maurer K, Krey T, Moennig V, Thiel HJ, Rumenapf T. CD46 is a cellular receptor for bovine viral diarrhea virus. J Virol. 2004 Feb;78(4):1792-9.

9724.     Meier PW, Pachlopnik JM, von der Weid NX, Rudin C, Bianchetti MG.  Microangiopathic anemia without thrombocytopenia and kidney disease in a child with diarrhea caused by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Feb 1;38(3):e25-6.

9725.     Raqib R, Roy SK, Rahman MJ, Azim T, Ameer SS, Chisti J, Andersson J. Effect of zinc supplementation on immune and inflammatory responses in pediatric patients with shigellosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Mar;79(3):444-50.

9726.     Varghese V, Das S, Singh NB, Kojima K, Bhattacharya SK, Krishnan T, Kobayashi N, Naik TN. Molecular characterization of a human rotavirus reveals porcine characteristics in most of the genes including VP6 and NSP4. Arch Virol. 2004 Jan;149(1):155-72.

9727.    Yazar S, Altuntas F, Sahin I, Atambay M. Dysentery caused by Balantidium coli in a patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma from Turkey. World J Gastroenterol. 2004 Feb 1;10(3):458-9.


9728.    Clark HF, Bernstein DI, Dennehy PH, Offit P, Pichichero M, Treanor J, Ward RL, Krah DL, Shaw A, Dallas MJ, Laura D, Eiden JJ, Ivanoff N, Kaplan KM, Heaton P. Safety, efficacy, and immunogenicity of a live, quadrivalent human-bovine reassortant rotavirus vaccine in healthy infants. J Pediatr. 2004 Feb;144(2):184-90.


9729.    Kasi PM, Gilani AI, Zaidi AH. Improvement of water and sanitation for developing countries. Lancet. 2004 Mar 13;363(9412):899-900.

9730.    Larson EL, Lin SX, Gomez-Pichardo C, Della-Latta P. Effect of antibacterial home cleaning and handwashing products on infectious disease symptoms: a randomized, double-blind trial. Ann Intern Med. 2004 Mar 2;140(5):321-9.

9731.    Thapar N, Sanderson IR. Diarrhoea in children: an interface between developing and developed countries. Lancet. 2004 Feb 21;363(9409):641-53. Review.