Diagnosis, Diagnostics, Immunodiagnosis & Immunodiagnostics:  

8447.  Antonijevic IA, Steiger A. Depression-like changes of the sleep-EEG during high dose corticosteroid treatment in patients with multiple sclerosis. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2003 Aug;28(6):780-95.

8448.  Carson PJ, Steidler T, Patron R, Tate JM, Tight R, Smego RA Jr. Plasma cell pleocytosis in cerebrospinal fluid in patients with West Nile virus encephalitis. Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Jul 1;37(1):e12-5. Epub 2003 Jun 23.

8449.  Gasnault J, Kahraman M, de Goer de Herve MG, Durali D, Delfraissy JF, Taoufik Y.  Critical role of JC virus-specific CD4 T-cell responses in preventing progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. AIDS. 2003 Jul 4;17(10):1443-9.

8450.  Leis AA, Stokic DS, Webb RM, Slavinski SA, Fratkin J. Clinical spectrum of muscle weakness in human West Nile virus infection. Muscle Nerve. 2003 Sep;28(3):302-8.

8451.  Mather T, Takeda T, Tassello J, Ohagen A, Serebryanik D, Kramer E, Brown F, Tesh R, Alford B, Chapman J, Lazo A.  West Nile virus in blood: stability, distribution, and susceptibility to PEN110 inactivation. Transfusion. 2003 Aug;43(8):1029-37.

8452.  Montaner J. Editorial comment--Cooling matrix metalloproteinases to improve thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke. Stroke. 2003 Sep;34(9):2171-2. Epub 2003 Aug 21.

8453.  Sampathkumar P. West Nile virus: epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and prevention. Mayo Clin Proc. 2003 Sep;78(9):1137-43.

8454.  Stich A, Gunther S, Drosten C, Emmerich P, Dwyer DE, Hueston L, Hetzel W, Kirschner A, Fleischer K. Clinical and laboratory findings on the first imported case of Murray Valley encephalitis in Europe. Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Jul 15;37(2):e19-21. Epub 2003 Jul 03.

8455.  Wang SM, Lei HY, Huang KJ, Wu JM, Wang JR, Yu CK, Su IJ, Liu CC. Pathogenesis of enterovirus 71 brainstem encephalitis in pediatric patients: roles of cytokines and cellular immune activation in patients with pulmonary edema. J Infect Dis. 2003 Aug 15;188(4):564-70. Epub 2003 Jul 23.

8456.  Wiley CA.  Detection of HIV-1 DNA in microglia/macrophages, astrocytes and neurons isolated from brain tissue with HIV-1 encephalitis by laser capture microdissection. Brain Pathol. 2003 Jul;13(3):415.


8457.  Ben-Nathan D, Lustig S, Tam G, Robinzon S, Segal S, Rager-Zisman B. Prophylactic and therapeutic efficacy of human intravenous immunoglobulin in treating West Nile virus infection in mice. J Infect Dis. 2003 Jul 1;188(1):5-12. Epub 2003 Jun 23.

8458.  Doron SI, Dashe JF, Adelman LS, Brown WF, Werner BG, Hadley S.  Histopathologically proven poliomyelitis with quadriplegia and loss of brainstem function due to West Nile virus infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Sep 1;37(5):e74-7. Epub 2003 Aug 11.

8459.  Kumar P, Uchil PD, Sulochana P, Nirmala G, Chandrashekar R, Haridattatreya M, Satchidanandam V. Screening for T cell-eliciting proteins of Japanese encephalitis virus in a healthy JE-endemic human cohort using recombinant baculovirus-infected insect cell preparations. Arch Virol. 2003 Aug;148(8):1569-91.

8460.  Ma SP, Yoshida Y, Makino Y, Tadano M, Ono T, Ogawa M. Short report: a major genotype of Japanese encephalitis virus currently circulating in Japan. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2003 Aug;69(2):151-4.

8461.  Villet S, Bouzar BA, Morin T, Verdier G, Legras C, Chebloune Y. Maedi-visna virus and caprine arthritis encephalitis virus genomes encode a Vpr-like but no Tat protein. J Virol. 2003 Sep;77(17):9632-8.


8462.  Biggerstaff BJ, Petersen LR. Estimated risk of transmission of the West Nile virus through blood transfusion in the US, 2002. Transfusion. 2003 Aug;43(8):1007-17.

8463.  Hara S, Kimura H, Hoshino Y, Hayashi N, Negoro T, Okumura A, Kajita Y, Sakuma T, Nakayama T, Hosoya M, Tomoda A, Morisima T. Combination therapy with intraventricular interferon-alpha and ribavirin for subacute sclerosing panencephalitis and monitoring measles virus RNA by quantitative PCR assay. Brain Dev. 2003 Aug;25(5):367-9.

8464.  Kreil TR, Berting A, Kistner O, Kindermann J. West Nile virus and the safety of plasma derivatives: verification of high safety margins, and the validity of predictions based on model virus data. Transfusion. 2003 Aug;43(8):1023-8.

8465. Miravalle A, Roos KL. Encephalitis complicating smallpox vaccination. Arch Neurol. 2003 Jul;60(7):925-8.


APRIL, 2004


Diagnosis, Diagnostics, Immunodiagnosis & Immunodiagnostics:


9077.  Bosanko CM, Gilroy J, Wang AM, Sanders W, Dulai M, Wilson J, Blum K.  West nile virus encephalitis involving the substantia nigra: neuroimaging and pathologic findings with literature review. Arch Neurol. 2003 Oct;60(10):1448-52.

9078.  Gandelman-Marton R, Kimiagar I, Itzhaki A, Klein C, Theitler J, Rabey JM.  Electroencephalography findings in adult patients with West Nile virus-associated meningitis and meningoencephalitis. Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Dec 1;37(11):1573-8. Epub 2003 Oct 14.

9079.  O'Sullivan CE, Aksamit AJ, Harrington JR, Harmsen WS, Mitchell PS, Patel R.  Clinical spectrum and laboratory characteristics associated with detection of herpes simplex virus DNA in cerebrospinal fluid. Mayo Clin Proc. 2003 Nov;78(11):1347-52.

9080.  Pandey B, Yamamoto A, Morita K, Kurosawa Y, Rai S, Adhikari S, Kandel P, Kurane I.  Serodiagnosis of Japanese encephalitis among Nepalese patients by the particl agglutination assay. Epidemiol Infect. 2003 Oct;131(2):881-5.

9081.  Pisani F, Costa C, Oteri G, Loli A. Identification of amoebae in the CSF in a patient with meningoencephalitis. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2003 Oct;74(10):1445-6.


9082.  Hotzel I, Cheevers WP. Caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus envelope surface glycoprotein regions interacting with the transmembrane glycoprotein: structural and functional parallels with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120. J Virol. 2003 Nov;77(21):11578-87.

9083.  O'Neill FJ, Greenlee JE, Dorries K, Clawson SA, Carney H.  Propagation of archetype and nonarchetype JC virus variants in human fetal brain cultures: demonstration of interference activity by archetype JC virus. J Neurovirol. 2003 Oct;9(5):567-76.


9084.  Food and Drug Administration, HHS. Medical devices; immunology and microbiology devices; classification of the West Nile Virus IgM capture Elisa assay. Final rule. Fed Regist. 2003 Oct 30;68(210):61743-5.

9085.  Hemachudha T, Wacharapluesadee S, Lumlertdaecha B, Orciari LA, Rupprecht CE, La-Ongpant M, Juntrakul S, Denduangboripant J. Sequence analysis of rabies virus in humans exhibiting encephalitic or paralytic rabies. J Infect Dis. 2003 Oct 1;188(7):960-6. Epub 2003 Sep 23.

9086.  O'Neill FJ, Greenlee JE, Dorries K, Clawson SA, Carney H. Propagation of archetype and nonarchetype JC virus variants in human fetal brain cultures: demonstration of interference activity by archetype JC virus. J Neurovirol. 2003 Oct;9(5):567-76.



JULY, 2004


Diagnosis, Diagnostics, Immunodiagnosis & Immunodiagnostics:


9732.        Archibald SL, Masliah E, Fennema-Notestine C, Marcotte TD, Ellis RJ, McCutchan JA, Heaton RK, Grant I, Mallory M, Miller A, Jernigan TL. Correlation of in vivo neuroimaging abnormalities with postmortem human immunodeficiency virus encephalitis and dendritic loss. Arch Neurol. 2004 Mar;61(3):369-76. 

9733.   Bennetto L, Scolding N. Inflammatory/post-infectious encephalomyelitis. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2004 Mar;75 Suppl 1:i22-8. Review.

9734.    Castillo J, Rodriguez I. Biochemical changes and inflammatory response as markers for brain ischaemia: molecular markers of diagnostic utility and prognosis in human clinical practice. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2004;17 Suppl 1:7-18. Review.

9735.   Cuevas LA, Fuchs HA. Progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy and immunosuppression. nn Rheum Dis. 2004 Jan;63(1):112-3.

9736.   del Zoppo GJ.  Lessons from stroke trials using anti-inflammatory approaches  that have failed. Ernst Schering Res Found Workshop. 2004;(47):155-84. Review.

9737.   Hogarth KM, Jan W, Lin JP. Multiple cerebral enhancing lesions in an acutely ill child. Br J Radiol. 2004 Mar;77(915):267-8.

9738.   Kennedy PG. Neurological infection. Lancet Neurol. 2004 Jan;3(1):13. Review.

9739.   Malan AK, Martins TB, Hill HR, Litwin CM. Evaluations of commercial West Nile virus immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM enzyme immunoassays show the value of continuous validation. J Clin Microbiol. 2004 Feb;42(2):727-33. 

9740.  Mohd Jaafar F, Attoui H, Gallian P, Isahak I, Wong KT, Cheong SK, Nadarajah VS, Cantaloube JF, Biagini P, De Micco P, De Lamballerie X. Recombinant VP9-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of immunoglobulin G antibodies to Banna virus (genus Seadornavirus). J Virol Methods. 2004 Mar 1;116(1):55-61.

9741.  Ramchandani PL, Sabesan T, Peters WJ. Subdural empyema and herpes zoster syndrome (Hunt syndrome) complicating removal of third molars. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2004 Feb;42(1):55-7. 

9742.   Scheid R, Honnorat J, Delmont E, Urbach H, Biniek R. A new anti-neuronal antibody in a case of paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis associated with breast cancer. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2004 Feb;75(2):338-40. 

9743.   Sonmez FM, Odemis E, Ahmetoglu A, Ayvaz A. Brainstem encephalitis and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis following mumps. Pediatr Neurol. 2004 Feb;30(2):132-4. 

9744.   Unden J, Christensson B, Bellner J, Alling C, Romner B. Serum S100B levels in patients with cerebral and extracerebral infectious disease. Scand J Infect Dis. 2004;36(1):10-3. 

9745.   Wong SJ, Demarest VL, Boyle RH, Wang T, Ledizet M, Kar K, Kramer LD, Fikrig E, Koski RA.  Detection of human anti-flavivirus antibodies with a west nile virus recombinant antigen microsphere immunoassay. J Clin Microbiol. 2004 Jan;42(1):65-72. 


9746.    Anishchenko M, Paessler S, Greene IP, Aguilar PV, Carrara AS, Weaver SC.  Generation and characterization of closely related epizootic and enzootic infectious cDNA clones for studying interferon sensitivity and emergence mechanisms of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. J Virol. 2004 Jan;78(1):1-8.

9747.    Baden LR, Rubin RH. The sentinel chicken revisited: the impact of West Nile virus infection on transplant patients. Transplantation. 2004 Feb 15;77(3):356-7.

9748.    Biernacki K, Prat A, Blain M, Antel JP. Regulation of cellular and molecular trafficking across human brain endothelial cells by Th1- and Th2-polarized lymphocytes. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2004 Mar;63(3):223-32. 

9749.   Chamorro A, Planas AM. Inflammation-mediated damage as a potential therapeutic target in acute ischemic stroke. Ernst Schering Res Found Workshop. 2004;(47):185-204. Review.

9750.   Guillaume V, Contamin H, Loth P, Georges-Courbot MC, Lefeuvre A, Marianneau P, Chua KB, Lam SK, Buckland R, Deubel V, Wild TF.  Nipah virus: vaccination and passive protection studies in a hamster model. J Virol. 2004 Jan;78(2):834-40.

9751.   Higgs S, Snow K, Gould EA. The potential for West Nile virus to establish outside of its natural range: a consideration of potential mosquito vectors in the United Kingdom. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2004 Feb;98(2):82-7. 

9752.    Kumar P, Krishna VD, Sulochana P, Nirmala G, Haridattatreya M, Satchidanandam V.   Cell-mediated immune responses in healthy children with a history of subclinical  infection with Japanese encephalitis virus: analysis of CD4+ and CD8+ T cell target specificities by intracellular delivery of viral proteins using the human immunodeficiency virus Tat protein transduction domain. J Gen Virol. 2004 Feb;85(Pt 2):471-82. 

9753.   Kumar P, Sulochana P, Nirmala G, Chandrashekar R, Haridattatreya M, Satchidanandam V. Impaired T helper 1 function of nonstructural protein 3-specific T cells in Japanese patients with encephalitis with neurological sequelae. J Infect Dis. 2004 Mar 1;189(5):880-91.

9754.     Nishida S, Hadjis NS, Levi DM, Kato T, Vaidya A, Nery JR, Madariaga J, Nakamura N, Ruiz P, Neff G, Byers P, Tzakis AG. Intestinal and multivisceral transplantation after abdominal trauma. J Trauma. 2004 Feb;56(2):323-7. 

9755.   Overeem S, Dalmau J, Bataller L, Nishino S, Mignot E, Verschuuren J, Lammers GJ.   Hypocretin-1 CSF levels in anti-Ma2 associated encephalitis. Neurology. 2004 Jan 13;62(1):138-40.

9756.     Spinney L. Update on Elan vaccine for Alzheimer's disease. Lancet Neurol. 2004 Jan;3(1):5.

9757.    Villoslada P, Genain CP.  Role of nerve growth factor and other trophic factors in brain inflammation. Prog Brain Res. 2004;146:403-14. Review.


9758.    Weaver SC, Ferro C, Barrera R, Boshell J, Navarro JC.  Venezuelan equine encephalitis. Annu Rev Entomol. 2004;49:141-74. Review. 


9759.    Goldrick BA. 21st-century emerging and reemerging infections. Am J Nurs. 2004 Jan;104(1):67-70. Review.

9760.   Whitehead L. Enhancing the quality of hermeneutic research: decision trail. J Adv Nurs. 2004 Mar;45(5):512-8. 

9761.    Williams K. Modes of transmission for West Nile virus. Clin Lab Sci. 2004 Winter;17(1):56.





Diagnosis, Diagnostics, Immunodiagnosis & Immunodiagnostics:

10390.  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Update: West Nile virus screening of blood donations and transfusion-associated transmission--United States, 2003. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2004 Apr 9;53(13):281-4.

10391.  Ishii A, Hayashi A, Ohkoshi N, Matsuno S, Shoji S. Progressive encephalomyelitis with rigidity associated with anti-amphiphysin antibodies. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2004 Apr;75(4):661-2. 

10392.  Josephs KA, Rubino FA, Dickson DW. Nonvasculitic autoimmune inflammatory meningoencephalitis. Neuropathology. 2004 Jun;24(2):149-52.

10393.  Marano E, Briganti F, Tortora F, Elefante A, De Rosa A, Maiuri F, Filla A. Neurosyphilis with complex partial status epilepticus and mesiotemporal MRI abnormalities mimicking herpes simplex encephalitis. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2004 Jun;75(6):833.

10394.  Montoya JG, Liesenfeld O. Toxoplasmosis. Lancet. 2004 Jun 12;363(9425):1965-76. Review.

10395.  Pardo CA, Vining EP, Guo L, Skolasky RL, Carson BS, Freeman JM. The pathology of Rasmussen syndrome: stages of cortical involvement and neuropathological studies in 45 hemispherectomies. Epilepsia. 2004 May;45(5):516-26.

10396.  Portegies P, Solod L, Cinque P, Chaudhuri A, Begovac J, Everall I, Weber T, Bojar M, Martinez-Martin P, Kennedy PG. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of neurological complications of HIV infection. Eur J Neurol. 2004 May;11(5):297-304.

10397.  Sarkar N, Gulati S, Dar L, Broor S, Kalra V. Diagnostic dilemmas in fulminant subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE). Indian J Pediatr. 2004 Apr;71(4):365-7.




10398.  Arunachalam N, Samuel PP, Hiriyan J, Thenmozhi V, Gajanana A. Japanese encephalitis in Kerala, south India: can Mansonia (Diptera: Culicidae) play a supplemental role in transmission? J Med Entomol. 2004 May;41(3):456-61.

10399.  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). West Nile virus activity--United States, June 16-22, 2004. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2004 Jun 25;53(24):535-6.

10400.  Chan PK, Li CK, Chik KW, Lee V, Shing MM, Ng KC, Cheung JL, Fok TF, Cheng AF. Risk factors and clinical consequences of human herpesvirus 7 infection in paediatric haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. J Med Virol. 2004 Apr;72(4):668-74.

10401.  Cinque P, Nebuloni M, Santovito ML, Price RW, Gisslen M, Hagberg L, Bestetti A, Vago G, Lazzarin A, Blasi F, Sidenius N. The urokinase receptor is overexpressed in the AIDS dementia complex and other neurological manifestations. Ann Neurol. 2004 May;55(5):687-94.

10402.  Kumar P, Sulochana P, Nirmala G, Haridattatreya M, Satchidanandam V. Conserved amino acids 193-324 of non-structural protein 3 are a dominant source of peptide determinants for CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in a healthy Japanese encephalitis virus-endemic cohort. J Gen Virol. 2004 May;85(Pt 5):1131-43.

10403.  Williams RC Jr, Sugiura K, Tan EM. Antibodies to microtubule-associated protein 2 in patients with neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum. 2004 Apr;50(4):1239-47.


10404.  Gould LH, Fikrig E. West Nile virus: a growing concern? J Clin Invest. 2004 Apr;113(8):1102-7. Review.


10405.  Langmann P, Schirmer D, Zilly M, Klinker H. Drug monitoring of pyrimethamine during maintenance therapy of toxoplasmic encephalitis in patients with advanced HIV infection during HAART. Med Sci Monit. 2004 May;10(5):PI65-9.

10406.  Popescu GA, Saquepee M, Poisson D, Prazuck T. Treatment difficulties of a listerial rhombencephalitis in an adult patient allergic to penicillins. J Clin Pathol. 2004 Jun;57(6):665-6.

10407.  Ravindra KV, Freifeld AG, Kalil AC, Mercer DF, Grant WJ, Botha JF, Wrenshall LE, Stevens RB. West Nile virus-associated encephalitis in recipients of renal and pancreas transplants: case series and literature review. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 May 1;38(9):1257-60.