Complementary Systems of Medicine
(Acupressure, Acupuncture, Alternative Medicine, Aroma therapy, Ayurveda, Complementary Medicine, Herbal Medicine, Homeopathy, Hypnotherapy, Magnetotherapy, Naturopathy, Pranic Healing, Reflexology, Reiki, Siddha, Traditional Medicine, Unani, Yoga & Meditation)



1.                  Anderson JE, Hansen LL, Mooren FC, Post M, Hug H, Zuse A, Los M. Methods and biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of cancer and other diseases: towards personalized medicine. Drug Resist Updat. 2006 Aug-Oct;9(4-5):198-210.

Department of Human Anatomy and Cell Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Man, Canada.

The rapid development of new diagnostic procedures, the mapping of the human genome, progress in mapping genetic polymorphisms, and recent advances in nucleic acid- and protein chip technologies are driving the development of personalized therapies. This breakthrough in medicine is expected to be achieved largely due to the implementation of "lab-on-the-chip" technology capable of performing hundreds, even thousands of biochemical, cellular and genetic tests on a single sample of blood or other body fluid. Focusing on a few disease-specific examples, this review discusses selected technologies and their combinations likely to be incorporated in the "lab-on-the-chip" and to provide rapid and versatile information about specific diseases entities. Focusing on breast cancer and after an overview of single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-screening methodologies, we discuss the diagnostic and prognostic importance of SNPs. Next, using Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) as an example, we provide a brief overview of powerful and innovative integration of traditional immuno-histochemistry techniques with advanced biophysical methods such as NMR-spectroscopy or Fourier-transformed infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. A brief overview of the challenges and opportunities provided by protein and aptamer microarrays follows. We conclude by highlighting novel and promising biochemical markers for the development of personalized treatment of cancer and other diseases: serum cytochrome c, cytokeratin-18 and -19 and their proteolytic fragments for the detection and quantitation of malignant tumor mass, tumor cell turn-over, inflammatory processes during hepatitis and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-induced hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis and apoptotic/necrotic cancer cell death.

2.                  Arias AJ, Steinberg K, Banga A, Trestman RL.  Systematic review of the efficacy of meditation techniques as treatments for medical illness. J Altern Complement Med. 2006 Oct;12(8):817-32. Review. 

Department of Psychiatry, University of Connecticut Medical School, Farmington, CT, USA.

BACKGROUND: Meditative techniques are sought frequently by patients coping with medical and psychological problems. Because of their increasingly widespread appeal and use, and the potential for use as medical therapies, a concise and thorough review of the current state of scientific knowledge of these practices as medical interventions was conducted. PURPOSE: To systematically review the evidence supporting efficacy and safety of meditative practices in treating illnesses, and examine areas warranting further study. Studies on normal healthy populations are not included. METHODS: Searches were performed using PubMed, PsycInfo, and the Cochrane Database. Keywords were Meditation, Meditative Prayer, Yoga, Relaxation Response. Qualifying studies were reviewed and independently rated based on quality by two reviewers. Mid-to-high-quality studies (those scoring above 0.65 or 65% on a validated research quality scale) were included. RESULTS: From a total of 82 identified studies, 20 randomized controlled trials met our criteria. The studies included 958 subjects total (397 experimentally treated, 561 controls). No serious adverse events were reported in any of the included or excluded clinical trials. Serious adverse events are reported in the medical literature, though rare. The strongest evidence for efficacy was found for epilepsy, symptoms of the premenstrual syndrome and menopausal symptoms. Benefit was also demonstrated for mood and anxiety disorders, autoimmune illness, and emotional disturbance in neoplastic disease. CONCLUSIONS: The results support the safety and potential efficacy of meditative practices for treating certain illnesses, particularly in nonpsychotic mood and anxiety disorders. Clear and reproducible evidence supporting efficacy from large, methodologically sound studies is lacking.

3.                  Baer HA.  The drive for legitimation in Australian naturopathy: successes and dilemmas. Soc Sci Med. 2006 Oct;63(7):1771-83.

University of Melbourne Carlton, Vic., Australia.

Whereas naturopathic physicians have either "licensure" or state-mandated "registration" in 13 US states and four Canadian provinces, naturopaths in Australia have thus far failed to obtain "statutory registration" in any political jurisdiction, despite the fact that chiropractors and osteopaths have done so in all Australian states and territories, and acupuncturists and Traditional Chinese Medicine practitioners have done so in the state of Victoria. Ironically, naturopathy and various other complementary medical systems are taught in many public tertiary institutions. This essay presents an overview of the development and the current socio-political status of naturopathy in Australia and its redefinition in some contexts as "natural therapies" and "natural medicine" or even as the major component of complementary medicine. It also examines reasons why the Australian state has come to express an interest in naturopathy along with other complementary medical systems.

4.                  Chang EY, Glissmeyer M, Tonnes S, Hudson T, Johnson N.  Outcomes of breast cancer in patients who use alternative therapies as primary treatment. Am J Surg. 2006 Oct;192(4):471-3. 

Legacy Cancer Services, Surgical Associates, 1130 NW 22nd St., Ste 500, Portland, OR 97210, USA.

BACKGROUND: Some breast cancer patients opt for alternative treatments in place of conventional treatments. The lack of published data on the outcome of this strategy may contribute to this trend. METHODS: A chart review was performed of breast cancer patients who refused or delayed standard surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiation therapy. Prognosis was calculated for recommended and actual therapy. RESULTS: Thirty-three patients were included in the analysis. Of 11 patients who initially refused surgery, 10 developed disease progression. Of 3 patients who refused adequate nodal sampling, 1 developed nodal recurrence. Of 10 patients who refused local control procedures, 2 developed local recurrences and 2 died of metastatic disease. By refusing chemotherapy, 9 patients increased their estimated 10-year mortality rate from 17% to 25%. CONCLUSIONS: Alternative therapies used as primary treatment for breast cancer are associated with increased recurrence and death. Homeopathy instead of surgery resulted in disease progression in most patients. These data may aid patients who are considering alternative therapies.

5.                  Culos-Reed SN, Carlson LE, Daroux LM, Hately-Aldous S.  A pilot study of yoga for breast cancer survivors: physical and psychological benefits. Psychooncology. 2006 Oct;15(10):891-7.

Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

BACKGROUND: Physical activity provides a number of physical and psychological benefits to cancer survivors, including lessening the impact of detrimental cancer-related symptoms and treatment side-effects (e.g. fatigue, nausea), and improving overall well-being and quality of life. The purpose of the present pilot study was to examine the physical and psychological benefits afforded by a 7-week yoga program for cancer survivors. METHOD: Eligible participants (per-screened with PAR-Q/PAR-MED-X) were randomly assigned to either the intervention (n=20) or control group (n=18). All participants completed pre- and post-testing assessments immediately before and after the yoga program, respectively. RESULTS: The yoga program participants (M age=51.18 (10.33); 92% female) included primarily breast cancer survivors, on average 55.95 (54.39) months post-diagnosis. Significant differences between the intervention and the control group at post-intervention were seen only in psychosocial (i.e. global quality of life, emotional function, and diarrhea) variables (all p's <0.05). There were also trends for group differences, in the hypothesized directions, for the psychosocial variables of emotional irritability, gastrointestinal symptoms, cognitive disorganization, mood disturbance, tension, depression, and confusion (all p's <0.10). Finally, there were also significant improvements in both the program participants and the controls from pre- to post-intervention on a number of physical fitness variables. CONCLUSIONS: These initial findings suggest that yoga has significant potential and should be further explored as a beneficial physical activity option for cancer survivors. Future research might attempt to include a broader range of participants (e.g. other types of cancer diagnoses, male subjects), a larger sample size, and a longer program duration in an RCT. 

6.                  Erler F, Ulug I, Yalcinkaya B.  Repellent activity of five essential oils against Culex pipiens. Fitoterapia. 2006 Dec;77(7-8):491-4.

Akdeniz University, Faculty of Agriculture, Plant Protection Department, 07070 Antalya, Turkey.

Essential oils extracted from the seeds of anise (Pimpinella anisum), dried fruits of eucalyptus (Eucalyptus camaldulensis), dried foliage of mint (Mentha piperita) and basil (Ocimum basilicum) and fresh foliage of laurel (Laurus nobilis) were tested for their repellency against the adult females of Culex pipiens. All essential oils showed repellency in varying degrees, eucalyptus, basil and anise being the most active.

7.                  Langevin HM, Sherman KJ.  Pathophysiological model for chronic low back pain integrating connective tissue and nervous system mechanisms. Med Hypotheses. 2007;68(1):74-80.

Department of Neurology, Given C423, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, United States.

Although chronic low back pain (cLBP) is increasingly recognized as a complex syndrome with multifactorial etiology, the pathogenic mechanisms leading to the development of chronic pain in this condition remain poorly understood. This article presents a new, testable pathophysiological model integrating connective tissue plasticity mechanisms with several well-developed areas of research on cLBP (pain psychology, postural control, neuroplasticity). We hypothesize that pain-related fear leads to a cycle of decreased movement, connective tissue remodeling, inflammation, nervous system sensitization and further decreased mobility. In addition to providing a new, testable framework for future mechanistic studies of cLBP, the integration of connective tissue and nervous system plasticity into the model will potentially illuminate the mechanisms of a variety of treatments that may reverse these abnormalities by applying mechanical forces to soft tissues (e.g. physical therapy, massage, chiropractic manipulation, acupuncture), by changing specific movement patterns (e.g. movement therapies, yoga) or more generally by increasing activity levels (e.g. recreational exercise). Non-invasive measures of connective tissue remodeling may eventually become important tools to evaluate and follow patients with cLBP in research and clinical practice. An integrative mechanistic model incorporating behavioral and structural aspects of cLBP will strengthen the rationale for a multidisciplinary treatment approach including direct mechanical tissue stimulation, movement reeducation, psychosocial intervention and pharmacological treatment to address this common and debilitating condition.

8.                  Lau MA, Bishop SR, Segal ZV, Buis T, Anderson ND, Carlson L, Shapiro S, Carmody J, Abbey S, Devins G. The Toronto Mindfulness Scale: development and validation. J Clin Psychol. 2006 Dec;62(12):1445-67.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and the University of Toronto.

In this study, the authors both developed and validated a self-report mindfulness measure, the Toronto Mindfulness Scale (TMS). In Study 1, participants were individuals with and without meditation experience. Results showed good internal consistency and two factors, Curiosity and Decentering. Most of the expected relationships with other constructs were as expected. The TMS scores increased with increasing mindfulness meditation experience. In Study 2, criterion and incremental validity of the TMS were investigated on a group of individuals participating in 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction programs. Results showed that TMS scores increased following treatment, and Decentering scores predicted improvements in clinical outcome. Thus, the TMS is a promising measure of the mindfulness state with good psychometric properties and predictive of treatment outcome. (c) 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

9.                  Malik VS, Hu FB.  Popular weight-loss diets: from evidence to practice. Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med. 2007 Jan;4(1):34-41. Review.

Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

The increasing number of overweight and obese individuals has become one of the leading public health concerns in many countries around the world. Concomitant with this increase in the prevalence of obesity has been the rise in the number of weight-loss diets, many of which alter macronutrient composition, but with the majority focused on carbohydrate restriction. Low-carbohydrate diets are attractive because they promise rapid weight loss without having to count calories and compromise the consumption of many palatable foods. By contrast, traditional dietary recommendations for weight loss endorse a fat-restricted and calorie-restricted diet high in complex carbohydrates. Evidence indicates that low-carbohydrate diets could be better in terms of short-term weight loss relative to traditional low-fat diets, but little is known about their long-term utility and safety. Diets based on the traditional Mediterranean dietary pattern are becoming increasingly popular because of their healthful benefits, particularly regarding cardiovascular outcomes. Mediterranean diets encourage consumption of a variety of palatable foods, optimizing adherence and sustainability. In this Review we discuss the current evidence on the efficacy of low-fat, low-carbohydrate and Mediterranean dietary patterns for weight loss, their potential mechanisms of action and important clinical considerations.         

10.               Maurer D, Colt R.  An evidence-based approach to the management of depression. Prim Care. 2006 Dec;33(4):923-41, vii. Review. 

Madigan Army Medical Center, Building 9040, Fitzsimmons Drive, Tacoma, WA 98431, USA.

Increasing numbers of patients are using complementary medicine for the treatment of depression, which complicates management. What is the evidence in support of one medication over another? What medications are safe to use in children and pregnant women? Is there any evidence supporting over-the-counter supplements? These are just a few of the questions that primary care physicians face on a daily basis. This article attempts to answer these questions and many others in an evidence-based approach to the management of depression, which focuses on diagnosis, medical management, and complementary treatments

11.              McDonald A, Burjan E, Martin S.  Yoga for patients and carers in a palliative day care setting. Int J Palliat Nurs. 2006 Nov;12(11):519-23.

This study suggests that yoga can be of benefit to patients (and carers) in palliative care settings. Complementary therapies have been employed in our day care unit for several years--aromatherapy, reflexology and massage--and have grown in popularity, enabling relaxation and a feeling of well-being. For patients striving to remain physically fit and, in consultation with our physiotherapist, we felt there may be a role for a gentle form of yoga. A study of the literature yielded information on yoga and cancer but little evidence of its use in palliative care. Having identified a form of yoga that could be adapted for those with physical frailties-- Dru yoga--a 12-week pilot project was introduced into the day care unit. This proved to be highly successful and has now been incorporated as part of our therapeutic service.

12.              McLean TW, Kemper KJ.  Lifestyle, biomechanical, and bioenergetic complementary therapies in pediatric oncology. J Soc Integr Oncol. 2006 Fall;4(4):187-93. Review. Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA.

After the diagnosis of cancer in a child is made, many families complement conventional medical care with lifestyle changes including diet, exercise, environment, and mind-body therapies. Biomechanical, bioenergetic, and other therapies are also sometimes sought. These include massage, chiropractic, acupuncture/acupressure, therapeutic touch, Reiki, homeopathy, and prayer. Some of these complementary therapies have well-established roles in cancer therapy for children, whereas others are controversial and require more research.

13.              Sarang SP, Telles S. Changes in p300 following two yoga-based relaxation techniques. Int J Neurosci. 2006 Dec;116(12):1419-30. 

Swami Vivekananda Yoga Research Foundation, Bangalore, India.

Cyclic meditation (CM) is a technique that combines "stimulating" and "calming" practices, based on a statement in ancient yoga texts suggesting that such a combination may be especially helpful to reach a state of mental equilibrium. The changes in the peak latency and peak amplitude of P300 auditory event-related potentials were studied before and after the practice of cyclic meditation compared to an equal duration of supine rest in 42 volunteers (group mean age +/- SD, 27 +/- 6.3 years), from Fz, Cz, and Pz electrode sites referenced to linked earlobes. The sessions were one day apart and the order was alternated. There was reduction in the peak latencies of P300 after cyclic meditation at Fz, Cz, and Pz compared to the "pre" values. A similar trend of reduction in P300 peak latencies at Fz, Cz, and Pz was also observed after supine rest, compared to the respective "pre" values, although the magnitude of change in each case was less after supine rest compared to after cyclic meditation. The P300 peak amplitudes after CM were higher at Fz, Cz, and Pz sites compared to the "pre" values. In contrast, no significant changes were observed in the P300 peak amplitudes at Fz, Cz, and Pz after supine rest compared to the respective "pre" state. The present results support the idea that "cyclic" meditation enhances cognitive processes underlying the generation of the P300.

14.              Yetkin E, Aksoy Y, Yetkin O, Turhan H.  Beneficial effect of deep breathing on premature ventricular complexes: can it be related to the decrease in QT dispersion? Int J Cardiol. 2006 Nov 18;113(3):417-8.

It has been reported that deep breathing at 6 breaths/min is associated with reduction of premature ventricular complexes. The beneficial effect of deep breathing is supposed to be due to vagal modulation of sinoatrial and atrioventricular node. Beside the modulating effects of deep breathing, we believe that deep breathing, which is also used in yoga training, might have additional effects via decreasing QT dispersion.

15614.  Agarwal V, Gupta B. Physiological effects of transcendental meditation and physical      exercise. Indian J of Traditional Knowledge. 2006 Apr; 5(2):181-183.

15615.  Allen JJ, Schnyer RN, Chambers AS, Hitt SK, Moreno FA, Manber R. Acupuncture for depression: a randomized controlled trial. J Clin Psychiatry. 2006 Nov;67(11):1665-73.

15616.  Andrade C.  Transcendental meditation and components of the metabolic syndrome: methodological issues. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Dec 11-25;166(22):2553; author reply 2554.

15617.  Andrykowski MA, Manne SL. Are psychological interventions effective and accepted by cancer patients? I. Standards and levels of evidence. Ann Behav Med. 2006 Oct;32(2):93-7. 

15618.  Astin JA, Reilly C, Perkins C, Child WL; Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation.   Breast cancer patients' perspectives on and use of complementary and alternative medicine: a study by the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation. J Soc Integr Oncol. 2006 Fall;4(4):157-69. 

15619.  Atkinson SA.  A nutrition odyssey: knowledge discovery, translation, and outreach. 2006 Ryley-Jeffs Memorial Lecture. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2006 Autumn;67(3):150-6. 

15620.  Bardia A, Barton DL, Prokop LJ, Bauer BA, Moynihan TJ. Efficacy of complementary and alternative medicine therapies in relieving cancer pain: a systematic review. J Clin Oncol. 2006 Dec 1;24(34):5457-64. Review. 

15621.  Barton DL, Loprinzi C, Jatoi A, Vincent A, Limburg P, Bauer B, Sood A, Good M, Bearden JD 4th, Kelaghan J, Sloan J. Can complementary and alternative medicine clinical cancer research be successfully accomplished? The Mayo Clinic-North Central Cancer Treatment Group experience. J Soc Integr Oncol. 2006 Fall;4(4):143-52. Review.

15622.  Belavadi SN. Concept of Takrabasti.  Aryavaidyan. 2006 Aug-Oct; XX(1):30-34.

15623.  Blackwell E, de Leon CF, Miller GE.  Applying mixed regression models to the analysis of repeated-measures data in psychosomatic medicine. Psychosom Med. 2006 Nov-Dec;68(6):870-8.

15624.  Bower JE. Management of cancer-related fatigue. Clin Adv Hematol Oncol. 2006 Nov;4(11):828-9. Review.

15625.  Brauer P, Dietrich L, Davidson B.  Nutrition in primary health care: using a Delphi process to design new interdisciplinary services. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2006 Autumn;Suppl:S14-29. 

15626.  Breuner CC.  Alternative and complementary therapies. Adolesc Med Clin. 2006 Oct;17(3):521-46; abstract ix. Review. 

15627.  Byrne LN, Meacham RB.  Management of post-ejaculatory perineal pain. J Androl. 2006 Nov-Dec;27(6):710-1.

15628.  Cardini F, Wade C, Regalia AL, Gui S, Li W, Raschetti R, Kronenberg F.   Clinical research in traditional medicine: priorities and methods. Complement Ther Med. 2006 Dec;14(4):282-7.

15629.  Chandre R,   JS. Sattvavajaya – the Ayurvedic approach to Psychotherapy. Aryavaidyan. 2006 Aug-Oct; XX(1):14-20.

15630.  Chandra SN, Chaurasia JP, Nigam US. Efficacy of Erandataila kalpa and virecanakarma on Amavata – A comparative study. Aryavaidyan. 2006 Aug-Oct; XX(1):21-24.

15631.  Chattopadhyay M, Hazra J, Mitra A. Efficacy of Withania somnifera in the management of stress – A clinical study. Aryavaidyan. 2006 Nov-2007 Jan; XX(2):105-108.

15632.  Chen JX, Hu LS. Traditional chinese medicine for the treatment of chronic prostatitis in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Altern Complement Med. 2006 Oct;12(8):763-9. Review. 

15633.  Chung V, Liu L, Bian Z, Zhao Z, Leuk Fong W, Kum WF, Gao J, Li M. Efficacy and safety of herbal medicines for idiopathic Parkinson's disease: a systematic review. Mov Disord. 2006 Oct;21(10):1709-15. Review. 

15634.  Cindy Wang SY, Yates P. Nurses' responses to people with cancer who use complementary and alternative medicine. Int J Nurs Pract. 2006 Oct;12(5):288-94. 

15635.  Daley A, MacArthur C, McManus R, Stokes-Lampard H, Wilson S, Roalfe A, Mutrie N.  Factors associated with the use of complementary medicine and non-pharmacological interventions in symptomatic menopausal women. Climacteric. 2006 Oct;9(5):336-46. 

15636.  Demattia A, Moskowitz H, Kemper KJ, Laraque D.  Disparities in complementary and alternative medical therapy recommendations for children in two different socioeconomic communities. Ambul Pediatr. 2006 Nov-Dec;6(6):312-7.

15637.  Dennehy CE.  The use of herbs and dietary supplements in gynecology: an evidence-based review. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2006 Nov-Dec;51(6):402-9. Review. 

15638.  Dhalla S, Chan KJ, Montaner JS, Hogg RS. Complementary and alternative medicine use in British Columbia--a survey of HIV positive people on antiretroviral therapy. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2006 Nov;12(4):242-8.

15639.  Duraipandiyan V, Ayyanar M, Ignacimuthu S. Antimicrobial activity of some ethnomedicinal plants used by Paliyar tribe from Tamil Nadu, India. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2006 Oct 17;6:35. 

15640.  Edgeworth R, Collins AE.   Self-care as a response to diarrhoea in rural Bangladesh: empowered choice or enforced adoption? Soc Sci Med. 2006 Nov;63(10):2686-97.

15641.  Edzard E.  Complementary and alternative medicine: examining the evidence. Community Pract. 2006 Oct;79(10):333-6. Review.

15642.  Eisenberg DM, Post DE, Davis RB, Connelly MT, Legedza AT, Hrbek AL, Prosser LA, Buring JE, Inui TS, Cherkin DC.  Addition of choice of complementary therapies to usual care for acute low back pain: a randomized controlled trial. Spine. 2007 Jan 15;32(2):151-8. 

15643.  Evans E, Evans J.  Changes in pharmacy students' attitudes and perceptions toward complementary and alternative medicine after completion of a required course. Am J Pharm Educ. 2006 Oct 15;70(5):105. 

15644.  Fisher P, McCarney R, Hasford C, Vickers A.  Evaluation of specific and non-specific effects in homeopathy: feasibility study for a randomised trial. Homeopathy. 2006 Oct;95(4):215-22. 

15645.  Gardani G, Cerrone R, Biella C, Mancini L, Proserpio E, Casiraghi M, Travisi O, Meregalli M, Trabattoni P, Colombo L, Giani L, Vaghi M, Lissoni P.  Effect of acupressure on nausea and vomiting induced by chemotherapy in cancer patients. Minerva Med. 2006 Oct;97(5):391-4. 

15646.  Gatchel RJ, Okifuji A.  Evidence-based scientific data documenting the treatment and cost-effectiveness of comprehensive pain programs for chronic nonmalignant pain. J Pain. 2006 Nov;7(11):779-93. Review. 

15647.  Gautam SP, Patel US. Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal association in some ethanomedicinal plants of Jabalpur district: some new host records. J basic appl Mycol 2005, 4(1-2), 165-7.

15648.  Ghaligi S, Nagendra HR, Bhatt R. Effect of Vedic chanting on memory and sustained attention. Indian J of Traditional Knowledge. 2006 Apr; 5(2):177-180.

15649.  Goertz CM, Niemtzow R, Burns SM, Fritts MJ, Crawford CC, Jonas WB.  Auricular acupuncture in the treatment of acute pain syndromes: A pilot study. Mil Med. 2006 Oct;171(10):1010-4. 

15650.  Grossarth-Maticek R, Ziegler R.  Prospective controlled cohort studies on long-term therapy of breast cancer patients with a mistletoe preparation (Iscador). Forsch Komplementarmed. 2006 Oct;13(5):285-92.

15651.  Guo R, Canter PH, Ernst E. Herbal medicines for the treatment of rhinosinusitis: a systematic review. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006 Oct;135(4):496-506. Review. 

15652.  Guth AA, Diflo T.  "You've got mail!": the role of e-mail in clinical breast surgical practice. Breast. 2006 Dec;15(6):713-7.

15653.  Heymsfield SB, Harp JB, Rowell PN, Nguyen AM, Pietrobelli A.  How much may I eat? Calorie estimates based upon energy expenditure prediction equations. Obes Rev. 2006 Nov;7(4):361-70. Review. 

15654.  Hong CZ.  Treatment of myofascial pain syndrome. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2006 Oct;10(5):345-9. Review. 

15655.  Hsieh TC, Wu JM.  Differential control of growth, cell cycle progression, and gene expression in human estrogen receptor positive MCF-7 breast cancer cells by extracts derived from polysaccharopeptide I'm-Yunity and Danshen and their combination. Int J Oncol. 2006 Nov;29(5):1215-22. 

15656.  Hsu YL, Yen MH, Kuo PL, Cho CY, Huang YT, Tseng CJ, Lee JP, Lin CC.  San-Zhong-Kui-Jian-Tang, a traditional Chinese medicine prescription, inhibits the proliferation of human breast cancer cell by blocking cell cycle progression and inducing apoptosis. Biol Pharm Bull. 2006 Dec;29(12):2388-94. 

15657.  Jadeja BA, Odedra NK, Odedra KR. Herbal remedies used for haemorrhoids by tribals of Saurashtra, Gujarat. Indian J of Traditional Knowledge. 2006 Jul; 5(3):348-352.

15658.  Jagtap SD, Deokule SS, Bhosle SV.  Some unique ethnomedicinal uses of plants used by the Korku tribe of Amravati district of Maharashtra, India. J Ethnopharmacol. 2006 Oct 11;107(3):463-9.

15659.  Javed M,  Khan AJ, Siddiqui MMH. Effect of Colchicum luteum Baker in the management of rheumatoid arthritis. Indian J of Traditional Knowledge. 2005 Oct; 4(4):421-423

15660.  Juan A, Salazar A, Alvarez A, Perez JR, Garcia L, Corbella X.  Effectiveness and safety of an emergency department short-stay unit as an alternative to standard inpatient hospitalisation. Emerg Med J. 2006 Nov;23(11):833-7. 

15661.  Kaboru BB, Falkenberg T, Ndulo J, Muchimba M, Solo K, Faxelid E; Bridging Gaps Project's Research Team.  Communities' views on prerequisites for collaboration between modern and traditional health sectors in relation to STI/HIV/AIDS care in Zambia. Health Policy. 2006 Oct;78(2-3):330-9.

15662.  Kajiyama H, Akama H, Yamanaka H, Shoji A, Matsuda Y, Tanaka E, Nakajima A, Terai C, Hara M, Tomatsu T, Saitoh T, Kamatani N.  One third of Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis use complementary and alternative medicine. Mod Rheumatol. 2006;16(6):355-9.

15663.  Kar A, Choudhary BK, Bandyopadhyay NG. Some common medicinal and aromatic plants for management of impaired glucose tolerance and early diabetes mellitus. Indian J nat Products 2005, 21(4), 19-24.

15664.  Kelner M, Wellman B, Welsh S, Boon H. How far can complementary and alternative medicine go? The case of chiropractic and homeopathy. Soc Sci Med. 2006 Nov;63(10):2617-27.

15665.  Kim KS, Kim DW, Yu YK.  The effect of capsicum plaster in pain after inguinal hernia repair in children. Paediatr Anaesth. 2006 Oct;16(10):1036-41. 

15666.  Kitano A, Saika S, Yamanaka O, Ikeda K, Reinach PS, Nakajima Y, Okada Y, Shirai K, Ohnishi Y.  Genipin suppresses subconjunctival fibroblast migration, proliferation and myofibroblast transdifferentiation. Ophthalmic Res. 2006;38(6):355-60.

15667.  Kittleson MM, Meoni LA, Wang NY, Chu AY, Ford DE, Klag MJ.  Association of childhood socioeconomic status with subsequent coronary heart disease in physicians. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Nov 27;166(21):2356-61. 

15668.  Kumar IR, Swamy NVC, Nagendra HR. Effect of pyramids on microorganisms. Indian J of Traditional Knowledge. 2005 Oct; 4(4):373-379.

15669.  La Torre MA. Creating a healing environment. Perspect Psychiatr Care. 2006 Nov;42(4):262-4.

15670.  Lansky EP, St Louis EK. Transcendental meditation: a double-edged sword in epilepsy? Epilepsy Behav. 2006 Nov;9(3):394-400.

15671.  Lau MA, Bishop SR, Segal ZV, Buis T, Anderson ND, Carlson L, Shapiro S, Carmody J, Abbey S, Devins G.  The Toronto Mindfulness Scale: development and validation. J Clin Psychol. 2006 Dec;62(12):1445-67. 

15672.  Lee HJ, Lee EO, Rhee YH, Ahn KS, Li GX, Jiang C, Lu J, Kim SH.  An oriental herbal cocktail, ka-mi-kae-kyuk-tang, exerts anti-cancer activities by targeting angiogenesis, apoptosis and metastasis. Carcinogenesis. 2006 Dec;27(12):2455-63.

15673.  Lee LS, Andrade AS, Flexner C.  Interactions between natural health products and antiretroviral drugs: pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects. Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Oct 15;43(8):1052-9.

15674.  Leung AY, Park J, Schulteis G, Duann JR, Yaksh T.  The electrophysiology of de qi sensations. J Altern Complement Med. 2006 Oct;12(8):743-50.  

15675.  Lie DA, Boker J.  Comparative survey of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) attitudes, use, and information-seeking behaviour among medical students, residents & faculty. BMC Med Educ. 2006 Dec 9;6:58. 

15676.  Lim B, Manheimer E, Lao L, Ziea E, Wisniewski J, Liu J, Berman B.  Acupuncture for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Oct 18;(4):CD005111. Review. 

15677.  Lin CM, Chang H, Chen YH, Wu IH, Chiu JH.  Wogonin inhibits IL-6-induced angiogenesis via down-regulation of VEGF and VEGFR-1, not VEGFR-2. Planta Med. 2006 Nov;72(14):1305-10.

15678.  Liu T, Liu C.  Acupuncture for treating osteoarthritis of the knee and the hip. Arthritis Rheum. 2006 Nov;54(11):3375-7.

15679.  Lokhande PD, Jagdale SC, Chabukswar AR. Natural remedies for heart diseases. Indian J of Traditional Knowledge. 2006 Jul; 5(3):420-427.

15680.  Ma YX, Fu HZ, Li M, Sun W, Xu B, Cui JR.  An anticancer effect of a new saponin component from Gymnocladus chinensis Baillon through inactivation of nuclear factor-kappaB. Anticancer Drugs. 2007 Jan;18(1):41-6. 

15681.  Macklin EA, Wayne PM, Kalish LA, Valaskatgis P, Thompson J, Pian-Smith MC, Zhang Q, Stevens S, Goertz C, Prineas RJ, Buczynski B, Zusman RM.  Stop Hypertension with the Acupuncture Research Program (SHARP): results of a randomized, controlled clinical trial. Hypertension. 2006 Nov;48(5):838-45.

15682.  Malhotra V, Tandon O P. A study of the effect of individual Asanas on blood pressure. Indian J of Traditional Knowledge. 2005 Oct; 4(4):367-372.

15683.  Mangal A, Panda D, Sharma MC. Peptic ulcer healing properties of Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus Willd.). Indian J of Traditional Knowledge. 2006 Apr; 5(2):227-228.

15684.  Mangalasseri P. Ayurvedic Approach to Parkinsonism. Aryavaidyan. 2006 Nov-2007 Jan; XX(2):121-128.

15685.  Maroon JC, Bost JW, Borden MK, Lorenz KM, Ross NA.  Natural antiinflammatory agents for pain relief in athletes. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Oct 15;21(4):E11. Review. 

15686.  Matt P, Carrel T, White M, Lefkovits I, Van Eyk J.   Proteomics in cardiovascular surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Jan;133(1):210-4. Review. 

15687.  McEachrane-Gross FP, Liebschutz JM, Berlowitz D.  Use of selected complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments in veterans with cancer or chronic pain: a cross-sectional survey. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2006 Oct 6;6:34. 

15688.  Merida I, Avila-Flores A.  Tumor metabolism: new opportunities for cancer therapy. Clin Transl Oncol. 2006 Oct;8(10):711-6. Review. 

15689.  Moussavi Z, Behrouzi R. Over-the-counter and alternative medicines in the treatment of vulvovaginal symptoms in women referred to the Gynecologic clinics. J Cell Tissue Res 2005, 5(2), 453-6.

15690.  Nahin RL, Fitzpatrick AL, Williamson JD, Burke GL, Dekosky ST, Furberg C; GEM Study Investigators.  Use of herbal medicine and other dietary supplements in community-dwelling older people: Baseline data from the ginkgo evaluation of memory study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Nov;54(11):1725-35. 

15691.  Niscola P, de Fabritiis P, Cartoni C, Romani C, Sorrentino F, Dentamaro T, Piccioni D, Scaramucci L, Giovannini M, Amadori S, Mandelli F.  Home care management of patients affected by hematologic malignancies: a review. Haematologica. 2006 Nov;91(11):1523-9. Review. 

15692.  O'Dowd A.  New rules for homoeopathic remedies anger UK peers. BMJ. 2006 Nov 4;333(7575):935. 

15693.  Park YK, Soh CT, Park GM, Hwang MK, Chung PR.  Host specificity of Pisidium coreanum (Bivalvia: Sphaeriidae) to larval infection with a human intestinal fluke Echinostoma cinetorchis (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae) in Korea. J Parasitol. 2006 Oct;92(5):1118-20.

15694.  Patel G, Euler D, Audette JF. Complementary and alternative medicine for noncancer pain. Med Clin North Am. 2007 Jan;91(1):141-67. Review. 

15695.  Pawar S,  Patil D A. Folk remedies against rheumatic disorders in Jalgaon district, Maharashtra. Indian J of Traditional Knowledge. 2006 Jul; 5(3):314-316.

15696.  Pilkington K, Rampes H, Richardson J.  Complementary medicine for depression. Expert Rev Neurother. 2006 Nov;6(11):1741-51. Review. 

15697.  Pitsios C, Chliva C, Mikos N, Kompoti E, Nowak-Wegrzyn A, Kontou-Fili K.  Bee pollen sensitivity in airborne pollen allergic individuals. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2006 Nov;97(5):703-6. 

15698.  Prashant V, Akhila, Harishchandra H, D’souza V, D’souza B. Antioxidant and membrane stabilizing effect of vitamin E in elderly people. Aryavaidyan. 2006 May-Jul; XIX(4):237-241.

15699.  Rajagopala M, Singh KD, Singh K. Myopia – A clinical study. Aryavaidyan. 2006 May-Jul; XIX(4):221-225.

15700.  Robinson N, Donaldson J, Watt H.  Auditing outcomes and costs of integrated complementary medicine provision—the importance of length of follow up. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2006 Nov;12(4):249-57.

15701.  Robotin MC, Penman AG.  Integrating complementary therapies into mainstream cancer care: which way forward? Med J Aust. 2006 Oct 2;185(7):377-9. 

15702.  Samdup DZ, Smith RG, Il Song S.  The use of complementary and alternative medicine in children with chronic medical conditions. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2006 Oct;85(10):842-6.

15703.  Saydah SH, Eberhardt MS.  Use of complementary and alternative medicine among adults with chronic  diseases: United States 2002. J Altern Complement Med. 2006 Oct;12(8):805-12. 

15704.  Sedgeman JA, Sarwari A.  The effect of a Health Realization/Innate Health psychoeducational seminar on stress and anxiety in HIV-positive patients. Med Sci Monit. 2006 Oct;12(10):CR397-9.

15705.  Shamseer L, Charrois TL, Vohra S; American Academy of Pediatrics Provisional Section on Complementary, Holistic, and Integrative Medicine.  Complementary, holistic, and integrative medicine: garlic. Pediatr Rev. 2006 Dec;27(12):e77-80. Review.

15706.  Shannahoff-Khalsa D.  A perspective on the emergence of meditation techniques for medical disorders. J Altern Complement Med. 2006 Oct;12(8):709-13.

15707.  Sharma JM, Singh DJ, Sambath. Comparative study of two anti-diabetic ayurvedic formulations. Aryavaidyan. 2006 May-Jul; XIX(4):205-210.

15708.  Shaw A, Thompson EA, Sharp DJ.  Expectations of patients and parents of children with asthma regarding access to complementary therapy information and services via the NHS: a qualitative study. Health Expect. 2006 Dec;9(4):343-58. 

15709.  Sikarwar RLS, Jaiswal A, Chaturvedi A. Uses of some important medicinal plants of Chitrakoot region of Satna (M.P.). natn J Life Sci 2004, 1(2), 349-52.

15710.  Singh S. Impact of vegetarian diet, aerobic exercise and rajyoga meditation on hyperinsulinemia, dyslipidemia and homocysteinemia in coronary artery diseases. Biomedical Science Dep, University of Delhi, Delhi, 2006.

15711.  Sing S, Jain CM, Khawale DS. Childhood obesity: A conceptual study. Aryavaidyan. 2006 Aug-Oct; XX(1):14-20.

15712.  Steen M, Calvert J.  Homeopathy for childbirth: remedies and research. RCM Midwives. 2006 Nov;9(11):438-40. Review.

15713.  Steffen KJ, Roerig JL, Mitchell JE, Crosby RD.  A survey of herbal and alternative medication use among participants with eating disorder symptoms. Int J Eat Disord. 2006 Dec;39(8):741-6.

15714.  Swarup AB, Barrett W, Jazieh AR. The use of complementary and alternative medicine by cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy. Am J Clin Oncol. 2006 Oct;29(5):468-73.

15715.  Takakuwa K, Ooki I, Nonaka T, Tamura N, Ishii K, Kikuchi A, Tamura M, Tanaka K.   Prophylactic therapy for patients with reproductive failure who were positive for anti- phospholipid antibodies. Am J Reprod Immunol. 2006 Oct;56(4):237-42. 

15716.  Teixeira MZ.  Evidence of the principle of similitude in modern fatal iatrogenic events. Homeopathy. 2006 Oct;95(4):229-36. Review. 

15717.  Telles S, Naveen KV.  Effect of yoga on somatic indicators of distress in professional computer users. Med Sci Monit. 2006 Oct;12(10):LE21-2.

15718.  Travis F, Arenander A. Cross-sectional and longitudinal study of effects of transcendental meditation practice on interhemispheric frontal asymmetry and frontal coherence. Int J Neurosci. 2006 Dec;116(12):1519-38. 

15719.  Ukiya M, Akihisa T, Yasukawa K, Tokuda H, Suzuki T, Kimura Y. Anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor-promoting, and cytotoxic activities of constituents of marigold (Calendula officinalis) flowers. J Nat Prod. 2006 Dec;69(12):1692-6. 

15720.  Unnikrishnan P. Excerpts from Cikitsamanjari – LII. Aryavaidyan. 2006 Aug-Oct; XX(1):57-64.

15721.        Viggo Hansen N, Jorgensen T, Ortenblad L.  Massage and touch for dementia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Oct 18;(4):CD004989. Review.

15722.  Wadnap N, Johnson J, Bhatt N & Chitre D. Efficacy and safety of RA-11 (O) – A herbal analgesic cream.  Indian J of Traditional Knowledge2006 July; 5(3):384-387.

15723.  Wang CY, Chiao MT, Yen PJ, Huang WC, Hou CC, Chien SC, Yeh KC, Yang WC, Shyur LF, Yang NS.  Modulatory effects of Echinacea purpurea extracts on human dendritic cells: a cell- and gene-based study. Genomics. 2006 Dec;88(6):801-8.

15724.  Welder GJ, Wessel TR, Arant CB, Schofield RS, Zineh I.  Complementary and alternative medicine use among individuals participating in research: implications for research and practice. Pharmacotherapy. 2006 Dec;26(12):1794-801. 

15725.  Wells M, Sarna L, Cooley ME, Brown JK, Chernecky C, Williams RD, Padilla G, Danao LL.  Use of complementary and alternative medicine therapies to control symptoms in women living with lung cancer. Cancer Nurs. 2007 Jan-Feb;30(1):45-55; quiz 56-7.

15726.  White A.  Acupuncture for tinnitus: a series of six n = 1 controlled trials. Complement Ther Med. 2006 Dec;14(4):289; author reply 288.

15727.  Wickham S.  Holistic therapies, proof and plausibility. Pract Midwife. 2006 Nov;9(10):51.

15728.  Williams J, Russell I, Durai D, Cheung WY, Farrin A, Bloor K, Coulton S, Richardson G. What are the clinical outcome and cost-effectiveness of endoscopy undertaken by nurses when compared with doctors? A Multi-Institution Nurse Endoscopy Trial (MINuET). Health Technol Assess. 2006 Oct;10(40):iii-iv, ix-x, 1-195.

15729.  Wu PL, Hsu YL, Jao CW.  Indole alkaloids from Cephalanceropsis gracilis. J Nat Prod. 2006 Oct;69(10):1467-70. 

15730.  Wu T, Harrison RA, Chen X, Ni J, Zhou L, Qiao J, Wang Q, Wei J, Xin D, Zheng J.   Tongxinluo (Tong xin luo or Tong-xin-luo) capsule for unstable angina pectoris. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Oct 18;(4):CD004474. Review. 

15731.  Yamada K. Quality of life in patients treated with Kampo medicine: a complementary alternative to modern medicine. J Altern Complement Med. 2006 Oct;12(8):799-803. 

15732.  Yuan HL, Yang M, Li XY, You RH, Liu Y, Zhu J, Xie H, Xiao XH.  Hepatitis B virus inhibiting constituents from Herpetospermum caudigerum. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2006 Nov;54(11):1592-4.

15733.  Zhang XP, Li ZJ, Liu DR.  Progress in research into the mechanism of Radix salviae miltiorrhizae in treatment of acute pancreatitis. Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int. 2006 Nov;5(4):501-4. Review. 

15734.  Zwelling E, Johnson K, Allen J.  How to implement complementary therapies for laboring women. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs. 2006 Nov-Dec;31(6):364-70; quiz 371-2.