Some Selected Abstracts:


Lewthwaite P, Gill GV, Hart CA, Beeching NJ. Gastrointestinal parasites in the immunocompromised. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2005 Oct;18(5):427-35. Review.

Infectious Disease Unit, North Manchester General Hospital, Manchester, UK.

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Parasites and other infections have many effects on the gastrointestinal tract of individuals who are immunocompromised. Few reviews focus on parasitic infections, which are covered here. RECENT FINDINGS: The review first examines recent advances in our understanding of the taxonomy, diagnosis and treatment of pathogens such as cryptosporidia, cyclospora, isospora and microsporidia, which are recognized causes of diarrhoea in the immunocompromised, and discusses possible links between amoebiasis and HIV. The complex interactions of both intact and abnormal immune systems with helminth infections such as hookworm and strongyloidiasis, and with trematode infections such as schistosomiasis, are receiving increasing attention. These are discussed, together with the novel concept of using live helminths to treat inflammatory bowel disease. SUMMARY: Parasitic infections remain a significant problem for immunocompromised individuals in resource-poor settings, and further work is needed to develop accessible diagnostic tests and to improve our understanding and management of their pathogenic effects. New concepts about the interactions of helminths with host immunity suggest the need for collection of further epidemiological and clinical data to unravel the complexities of such immunological interactions.

Diagnostics, Immunodiagnosis & Immunodiagnostics:  

13736.      Aly SM, El-Zawawy LA, Said DE, Fathy FM, Mohamed ON. The utility of lactoferrin in differentiating parasitic from bacterial infections. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2005 Dec;35(3 Suppl):1149-62.

13737.      Haghighi A, Rezaeian M. Detection of serum antibody to Entameba histolytica in various population samples of amebic infection using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Parasitol Res. 2005 Oct;97(3):209-12.

13738.      Hara T, Fukuma T. Diagnosis of the primary amoebic meningoencephalitis due to Naegleria fowleri. Parasitol Int. 2005 Dec;54(4):219-21.

13739.      Okamoto M, Kawabe T, Ohata K, Togo G, Hada T, Katamoto T, Tanno M, Matsumura M, Yamaji Y, Watabe H, Ikenoue T, Yoshida H, Omata M. Amebic colitis in asymptomatic subjects with positive fecal occult blood test results: clinical features different from symptomatic cases. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2005 Nov;73(5):934-5.

13740.      Qvarnstrom Y, James C, Xayavong M, Holloway BP, Visvesvara GS, Sriram R, da Silva AJ. Comparison of real-time PCR protocols for differential laboratory diagnosis of amebiasis. J Clin Microbiol. 2005 Nov;43(11):5491-7.


13741.      Ilikkan DY, Ilikkan B, Vural M. Amebiasis in infancy in the middle-high socioeconomic class in Istanbul, Turkey. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2005 Oct;24(10):929-30.


13742.      Nachega JB, Rombaux P, Weynand B, Thomas G, Zech F. Successful treatment of Acanthamoeba rhinosinusitis in a patient with AIDS. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2005 Oct;19(10):621-5.






13743.      Kabatereine NB, Tukahebwa EM, Kazibwe F, Twa-Twa JM, Barenzi JF, Zaramba S, Stothard JR, Fenwick A, Brooker S. Soil-transmitted helminthiasis in Uganda: epidemiology and cost of control. Trop Med Int Health. 2005 Nov;10(11):1187-9.


13744.      Sahoo PK, Satapathy AK, Michael E, Ravindran B. Concomitant parasitism: bancroftian filariasis and intestinal helminths and response to albendazole. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2005 Nov;73(5):877-80.