Complementary Systems of Medicine

(Acupressure, Acupuncture, Alternative Medicine, Aroma therapy, Ayurveda, Complementary Medicine, Herbal Medicine, Homeopathy, Hypnotherapy, Magnetotherapy, Naturopathy, Pranic Healing, Reflexology, Reiki, Siddha, Traditional Medicine, Unani, Yoga)    

Some Selected Abstract::


Jorm AF, Christensen H, Griffiths KM, Parslow RA, Rodgers B, Blewitt KA. Effectiveness of complementary and self-help treatments for anxiety disorders. Med J Aust. 2004 Oct 4;181(7 Suppl):S29-46.

Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Building 63, Eggleston Road, Acton, ACT 0200, Australia.

OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence for the effectiveness of complementary and self-help treatments for anxiety disorders. DATA SOURCES: Systematic literature search using PubMed, PsycLit, and the Cochrane Library. DATA SYNTHESIS: 108 treatments were identified and grouped under the categories of medicines and homoeopathic remedies, physical treatments, lifestyle, and dietary changes. We give a description of the 34 treatments (for which evidence was found in the literature searched), the rationale behind the treatments, a review of studies on effectiveness, and the level of evidence for the effectiveness studies. CONCLUSIONS: The treatments with the best evidence of effectiveness are kava (for generalised anxiety), exercise (for generalised anxiety), relaxation training (for generalised anxiety, panic disorder, dental phobia and test anxiety) and bibliotherapy (for specific phobias). There is more limited evidence to support the effectiveness of acupuncture, music, autogenic training and meditation for generalised anxiety; for inositol in the treatment of panic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder; and for alcohol avoidance by people with alcohol-use disorders to reduce a range of anxiety disorders.


Moseley GL, Nicholas MK, Hodges PW. Does anticipation of back pain predispose to back trouble?  Brain. 2004 Oct;127(Pt 10):2339-47.

Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, Randwick, Sydney, Austalia.
Limb movement imparts a perturbation to the body. The impact of that perturbation is limited via anticipatory postural adjustments. The strategy by which the CNS controls anticipatory postural adjustments of the trunk muscles during limb movement is altered during acute back pain and in people with recurrent back pain, even when they are pain free. The altered postural strategy probably serves to protect the spine in the short term, but it is associated with a cost and is thought to predispose spinal structures to injury in the long term. It is not known why this protective strategy might occur even when people are pain free, but one possibility is that it is caused by the anticipation of back pain. In eight healthy subjects, recordings of intramuscular EMG were made from the trunk muscles during single and repetitive arm movements. Anticipation of experimental back pain and anticipation of experimental elbow pain were elicited by the threat of painful cutaneous stimulation. There was no effect of anticipated experimental elbow pain on postural adjustments. During anticipated experimental back pain, for single arm movements there was delayed activation of the deep trunk muscles and augmentation of at least one superficial trunk muscle. For repetitive arm movements, there was decreased activity and a shift from biphasic to monophasic activation of the deep trunk muscles and increased activity of superficial trunk muscles during anticipation of back pain. In both instances, the changes were consistent with adoption of an altered strategy for postural control and were similar to those observed in patients with recurrent back pain. We conclude that anticipation of experimental back pain evokes a protective postural strategy that stiffens the spine. This protective strategy is associated with compressive cost and is thought to predispose to spinal injury if maintained long term.


Nayak NN, Shankar K. Yoga: a therapeutic approach. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2004 Nov;15(4):783-98, vi. Review.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (117), Veterans Affairs Northern California Health Care System, 150 Muir Road, Martinez, CA 94553, USA.

Yoga, practiced widely in the East, is now popular in the West as part of a healthy lifestyle. This article brings a medical perspective to the practice of yoga. Selected yoga postures that are believed to benefit certain medical conditions are highlighted. In addition, the philosophy, general guidelines, and medical benefits of yoga practice are described.


Ottawa Panel. Ottawa Panel evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for therapeutic exercises in the management of rheumatoid arthritis in adults.
Phys Ther. 2004 Oct;84(10):934-72. Review.

Ottawa Panel.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this project was to create guidelines for the use of therapeutic exercises and manual therapy in the management of adult patients (>18 years of age) with a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis according to the 1987 American Rheumatism Association criteria. METHODS: Evidence from comparative controlled trials was identified and synthesized using The Cochrane Collaboration methods. An expert panel was formed by inviting professional stakeholder organizations to each nominate a representative. This panel developed a set of criteria for grading the strength of both the evidence and the recommendation. RESULTS: Six positive recommendations of clinical benefit were developed on therapeutic exercises. The efficacy of manual therapy interventions could not be determined for lack of evidence. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The panel recommends the use of therapeutic exercises for rheumatoid arthritis. Further research is needed to determine the efficacy of manual therapy in the management of this disease.


Schmid W, Aldridge D. Active music therapy in the treatment of multiple sclerosis patients: a matched control study. J Music Ther. 2004 Fall;41(3):225-40.

Twenty multiple sclerosis patients (14 female, 6 male) were involved in the study, their ages ranging rom 29 to 47 years. Ten participants formed the therapy group, and 10 the control group. The groups were comparable on the standard neurological classification scheme Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS). Exclusion criteria were pregnancy and mental disorders requiring medication. Measurements were taken before therapy began (T1), and subsequently every 3 months (T2-T4). This battery included indicators of clinical depression and anxiety (Beck Depression Inventory and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), a self-acceptance scale (SESA) and a life quality assessment (Hamburg Quality of Life Questionnaire in Multiple Sclerosis). In addition, data were collected on cognitive (MSFC) and functional (EDSS) parameters. Patients in the therapy group received 3 blocks of music therapy in single sessions over the course of the one year project (8 to 10 sessions respectively). The music therapy approach used for this study is based on the Nordoff Robbins approach (Nordoff & Robbins, 1977). There was no significant difference between the music therapy treatment group and the control group. However, the effect size statistics comparing both groups show a medium effect size on the scales measuring self esteem (d = 0.5423, r =.026), depression HAD-D (d = 0.63, r = 0.310) and anxiety HAD-A (d = 0.63, r = 0.310). Significant improvements were found for the therapy group over time (T1-T4) in the scale values of self esteem, depression, and anxiety. Given the stigmatizing effect of a chronic degenerative disease, the positive benefits of music therapy point to a realm of aesthetic considerations in assessing clinical improvement.


UK BEAM Trial Team. United Kingdom back pain exercise and manipulation (UK BEAM) randomised trial: cost effectiveness of physical treatments for back pain in primary care.
BMJ. 2004 Dec 11;329(7479):1381.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost effectiveness of adding spinal manipulation, exercise classes, or manipulation followed by exercise ("combined treatment") to "best care" in general practice for patients consulting with low back pain. DESIGN: Stochastic cost utility analysis alongside pragmatic randomised trial with factorial design. SETTING: 181 general practices and 63 community settings for physical treatments around 14 centres across the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: 1287 (96%) of 1334 trial participants. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Healthcare costs, quality adjusted life years (QALYs), and cost per QALY over 12 months. RESULTS: Over one year, mean treatment costs relative to "best care" were 195 pounds sterling (360 dollars; 279 euros; 95% credibility interval 85 pounds sterling to 308 pounds sterling) for manipulation, 140 pounds sterling (3 pounds sterling to 278 pounds sterling) for exercise, and 125 pounds sterling (21 pounds sterling to 228 pounds sterling) for combined treatment. All three active treatments increased participants' average QALYs compared with best care alone. Each extra QALY that combined treatment yielded relative to best care cost 3800 pounds sterling; in economic terms it had an "incremental cost effectiveness ratio" of 3800 pounds sterling. Manipulation alone had a ratio of 8700 pounds sterling relative to combined treatment. If the NHS was prepared to pay at least 10,000 pounds sterling for each extra QALY (lower than previous recommendations in the United Kingdom), manipulation alone would probably be the best strategy. If manipulation was not available, exercise would have an incremental cost effectiveness ratio of 8300 pounds sterling relative to best care. CONCLUSIONS: Spinal manipulation is a cost effective addition to "best care" for back pain in general practice. Manipulation alone probably gives better value for money than manipulation followed by exercise.


West J, Otte C, Geher K, Johnson J, Mohr DC. Effects of Hatha yoga and African dance on perceived stress, affect, and salivary cortisol. Ann Behav Med. 2004 Oct;28(2):114-8.

Reed College, USA.

BACKGROUND: Dance and yoga have been shown to produce improvements in psychological well-being. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine some of the psychological and neuroendocrine response to these activities. METHODS: Sixty-nine healthy college students participated in one of three 90-min classes: African dance (n = 21), Hatha yoga (n= 18), or a biology lecture as a control session (n = 30). Before and after each condition participants completed the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), completed the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule, and provided a saliva sample for cortisol. RESULTS: There were significant reductions in PSS and negative affect (ps < .0001) and Time x Treatment interactions (ps < .0001) such that African dance and Hatha yoga showed significant declines, whereas there was no significant change in biology lecture. There was no significant main effect for positive affect (p = .53), however there was a significant interaction effect (p < .001) such that positive affect increased in African dance, decreased in biology lecture, and did not change significantly in Hatha yoga. There was a significant main effect for salivary cortisol (p < .05) and a significant interaction effect (p < .0001) such that cortisol increased in African dance, decreased in Hatha yoga, and did not change in biology. Changes in cortisol were not significantly related to changes in psychological variables across treatments. There was 1 significant interaction effect (p = .04) such that change in positive affect and change in cortisol were negatively correlated in Hatha yoga but positively correlated in Africa dance and biology. CONCLUSIONS: Both African dance and Hatha yoga reduced perceived stress and negative affect. Cortisol increased in African dance and decreased in Hatha yoga. Therefore, even when these interventions produce similar positive psychological effects, the effects may be very different on physiological stress processes. One factor that may have particular salience is that amount of physiological arousal produced by the intervention.

11782.  Adams M, Kunert O, Haslinger E, Bauer R. Inhibition of leukotriene biosynthesis by quinolone alkaloids from the fruits of Evodia rutaecarpa. Planta Med. 2004 Oct;70(10):904-8.

11783.  Ades PA, Wu G. Benefits of tai chi in chronic heart failure: body or mind? Am J Med. 2004 Oct 15;117(8):611-2.

11784. Agarwal A, Vasanthi H R, Attrey D P, Dubey G P. Therapeutic efficacy of an ayurvedic formuation in neuropsychiatric disorders of the elderly. Indian J Clin Pract 2004, 15(4), 40-51, 54.

11785.  Barr P. A little innovation. Baylor launches biotech firm to sell cancer therapy. Mod Healthc. 2004 Nov 15;34(46):20.

11786.  Behall KM, Scholfield DJ, Hallfrisch J. Diets containing barley significantly reduce lipids in mildly hypercholesterolemic men and women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Nov;80(5):1185-93.

11787.  Bent S, Padula A, Neuhaus J. Safety and efficacy of citrus aurantium for weight loss. Am J Cardiol. 2004 Nov 15;94(10):1359-61. Review.

11788.  Bhat P R. Evaluation of Ayurvedic therapies in the management of benign prostatic hyperthraphy. Dr M Sahu, Shalya Shalakya Dep, Banaras Hindu University. Varanasi. 2004.

11789.  Bhomaj R A. The concept of sleep in Ayurveda, in stress management. J Natn Integrat Med Ass 2004, 46(6), 10-12.

11790.  Bishop JP, Stenger VJ. Retroactive prayer: lots of history, not much mystery, and no science. BMJ. 2004 Dec 18;329(7480):1444-6. Review.

11791.   Bosnyak DJ, Eaton RA, Roberts LE. Distributed auditory cortical representations are modified when non-musicians are trained at pitch discrimination with 40 Hz amplitude modulated tones. Cereb Cortex. 2004 Oct;14(10):1088-99.

11792.   Bremner P, Tang S, Birkmayer H, Fiebich BL, Munoz E, Marquez N, Rivera D, Heinrich M. Phenylpropanoid NF-kappaB inhibitors from Bupleurum fruticosum. Planta Med. 2004 Oct;70(10):914-8.

11793.   Burnett KM, Solterbeck LA, Strapp CM. Scent and mood state following an anxiety-provoking task. Psychol Rep. 2004 Oct;95(2):707-22.

11794.   Chen H, Lamer TJ, Rho RH, Marshall KA, Sitzman BT, Ghazi SM, Brewer RP. Contemporary management of neuropathic pain for the primary care physician. Mayo Clin Proc. 2004 Dec;79(12):1533-45. Review. 

11795.   Chotkowski LA. More "on chriopractic". Conn Med. 2004 Oct;68(9):603.

11796.   Chu DA. Tai Chi, Qi Gong and Reiki. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2004 Nov;15(4):773-81, vi. Review.

11797.   Coffey CS, Steiner D, Baker BA, Allison DB. A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial of a product containing ephedrine, caffeine, and other ingredients from herbal sources for treatment of overweight and obesity in the absence of lifestyle treatment. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2004 Nov;28(11):1411-9.

11798.   Connor LH. Relief, risk and renewal: mixed therapy regimens in an Australian suburb. Soc Sci Med. 2004 Oct;59(8):1695-705.

11799.   Cyna AM, McAuliffe GL, Andrew MI. Hypnosis for pain relief in labour and childbirth: a systematic review. Br J Anaesth. 2004 Oct;93(4):505-11. Epub 2004 Jul 26. Review.

11800.   D'Amico D. Treatment strategies in migraine patients. Neurol Sci. 2004 Oct;25 Suppl 3:S242-3.

11801.   Das PC. Learning from low income countries: what are the lessons? Health is a dynamic process. BMJ. 2004 Nov 13;329(7475):1185-6.

11802.   Das SK, Mohanty RK, Nanda DK, Misra S. A clinical trial of epidural steroid injection (Depo-Medrol) in the treatment of chronic low back pain. Journal of Anaesthesiology. 2004 Apr; 20(2): 157-160.

11803.   Diaper A, Hindmarch I. A double-blind, placebo-controlled investigation of the effects of two doses of a valerian preparation on the sleep, cognitive and psychomotor function of sleep-disturbed older adults. Phytother Res. 2004 Oct;18(10):831-6.

11804.   Durie M. Understanding health and illness: research at the interface between science and indigenous knowledge. Int J Epidemiol. 2004 Oct;33(5):1138-43. Epub 2004 Jun 24. Review.

11805.   Ende C, Gebhardt R. Inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 activities by selected flavonoids. Planta Med. 2004 Oct;70(10):1006-8.

11806.  Epstein G. "Never the twain shall meet": spirituality or psychotherapy? Adv Mind Body Med. 2004 Fall;20(3):12-9. Review.

11807.   Epstein G. Mental imagery: the language of spirit. Adv Mind Body Med. 2004 Fall;20(3):4-10. Review.

11808.   Ernst E. Research capacity in complementary medicine. J R Soc Med. 2004 Oct;97(10):504-5.

11809.  Feng X, Gao Z, Li S, Jones SH, Hecht SM. DNA polymerase beta lyase inhibitors from Maytenus putterlickoides. J Nat Prod. 2004 Oct;67(10):1744-7.

11810.   Fraunfelder FW. Ocular side effects from herbal medicines and nutritional supplements. Am J Ophthalmol. 2004 Oct;138(4):639-47.

11811.   Gallagher RM. Biopsychosocial pain medicine and mind-brain-body science. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2004 Nov;15(4):855-82, vii. Review.

11812.   Garami M, Schuler D, Babosa M, Borgulya G, Hauser P, Muller J, Paksy A, Szabo E, Hidvegi M, Fekete G. Fermented wheat germ extract reduces chemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia in pediatric cancer patients. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2004 Oct;26(10):631-5.

11813.  Goldrosen MH, Straus SE. Complementary and alternative medicine: assessing the evidence for immunological benefits. Nat Rev Immunol. 2004 Nov;4(11):912-21. Review.

11814.  Govindan S, Viswanathan S, Vijayasekaran V, Alagappan R. Further studies on the clinical efficacy of Solanum xanthocarpum and Solanum trilobatum in bronchial asthma. Phytother Res. 2004 Oct;18(10):805-9.

11815.  Hama Y, Kaji T. A migrated acupuncture needle in the medulla oblongata. Arch Neurol. 2004 Oct;61(10):1608.

11816.  Haughney A. Nausea & vomiting in end-stage cancer. Am J Nurs. 2004 Nov;104(11):40-8; quiz 49. Review.

11817.  Heath H. Positive view beats off negative effects. Nurs Older People. 2004 Oct;16(7):3.

11818.  Heinonen H, Aro AR, Aalto AM, Uutela A. Is the evaluation of the global quality of life determined by emotional status? Qual Life Res. 2004 Oct;13(8):1347-56.

11819.  Hill RB. The healing Buddha. J Med Biogr. 2004 Nov;12(4):188.

11820.  Hu PC, Su Y. Effects of flotation therapy on relaxation and mental state. Chin Med J (Engl). 2004 Oct;117(10):1579-81.

11821.  Irani F S. Comparison of bacopa/herpestris monnieri and centella/hydrocotyle asiatica both called brahmi in ayurveda. J natn Integrat med Ass 2004, 46(9), 9-13.

11822.  Jang DS, Cuendet M, Su BN, Totura S, Riswan S, Fong HH, Pezzuto JM, Kinghorn AD. Constituents of the seeds of Hernandia ovigera with inhibitory activity against cyclooxygenase-2. Planta Med. 2004 Oct;70(10):893-6.

11823.  Jeong HJ, Chung HS, Kim YH, Moon BS, Sung KK, Bai SJ, Cho KH, Kim YK, Hong SH, Shin T, Kim HM. Differential regulation by Seogak Jihwang-Tang on cytokines production in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from the cerebral infarction patients presenting with altered consciousness. J Ethnopharmacol. 2004 Oct;94(2-3):289-94.

11824.  Jorm AF, Christensen H, Griffiths KM, Parslow RA, Rodgers B, Blewitt KA. Effectiveness of complementary and self-help treatments for anxiety disorders. Med J Aust. 2004 Oct 4;181(7 Suppl):S29-46. Review.

11825.  Joshi k, Chavan P, Warude D, Patwardhan B. Molecular markers in herbal drug technology. Curr Sci 2004, 87(2), 159-63.

11826.  Kala C P. Indigenous uses of plants as health tonic in uttaranchal Himalaya, India. Ann For 2003, 11(2), 249-54.

11827.  Kalman DS. An acute clinical trial evaluating the cardiovascular effects of an herbal ephedra-caffeine weight loss product in healthy overweight adults. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2004 Oct;28(10):1355-6.

11828.  Kasprisin A. Alternative cognitive therapy for emotional instability (pathologic laughing and crying). Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2004 Nov;15(4):883-917, vii-viii. Review.

11829.  Kaur K, Rani G, Widodo N, Nagpal A, Taira K, Kaul SC, Wadhwa R. Evaluation of the anti-proliferative and anti-oxidative activities of leaf extract from in vivo and in vitro raised Ashwagandha. Food Chem Toxicol. 2004 Dec;42(12):2015-20.

11830.  Kemper KJ, O'Connor KG. Pediatricians' recommendations for complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies. Ambul Pediatr. 2004 Nov-Dec;4(6):482-7.

11831.  Kessel B, Kronenberg F. The role of complementary and alternative medicine in management of menopausal symptoms. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2004 Dec;33(4):717-39. Review.

11832.  Kiss A, Kowalski J, Melzig MF. Compounds from Epilobium angustifolium inhibit the specific metallopeptidases ACE, NEP and APN. Planta Med. 2004 Oct;70(10):919-23.

11833.  Knight J. Religion and science: Buddhism on the brain. Nature. 2004 Dec 9;432(7018):670.

11834.  Krebs EE, Ensrud KE, MacDonald R, Wilt TJ. Phytoestrogens for treatment of menopausal symptoms: a systematic review. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Oct;104(4):824-36. Review.

11835.  Lee CO. Clinical trials in cancer. Part I. Biomedical, complementary, and alternative medicine: finding active trials and results of closed trials. Clin J Oncol Nurs. 2004 Oct;8(5):531-5. Review.

11836.  Lee MS, Ryu H. Qi-training enhances neutrophil function by increasing growth hormone levels in elderly men. Int J Neurosci. 2004 Oct;114(10):1313-22.

11837.  Lenaerts ME. Alternative therapies for tension-type headache. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2004 Dec;8(6):484-8. Review.

11838.  Leong RW, Lawrance IC, Ching JY, Cheung CM, Fung SS, Ho JN, Philpott J, Wallace AR, Sung JJ. Knowledge, quality of life, and use of complementary and alternative medicine and therapies in inflammatory bowel disease: a comparison of Chinese and Caucasian patients. Dig Dis Sci. 2004 Oct;49(10):1672-6.

11839.  Lew HL, Lee J, Chen JL, Chen SC. Complementary and alternative medicine education in the United States, China, and Taiwan. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2004 Nov;15(4):933-42, viii-ix.

11840.  Lundgren J, Ugalde V. The demographics and economics of complementary alternative medicine. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2004 Nov;15(4):955-61, ix. Review.

11841.  Lutz A, Greischar LL, Rawlings NB, Ricard M, Davidson RJ. Long-term meditators self-induce high-amplitude gamma synchrony during mental practice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Nov 16;101(46):16369-73.

11842.  Lynch DM. Cranberry for prevention of urinary tract infections. Am Fam Physician. 2004 Dec 1;70(11):2175-7. Review.

11843.  Maas M. Long-term care for older adults: advocating for a new health-care paradigm. J Gerontol Nurs. 2004 Oct;30(10):3-4.

11844.  Macpherson H, Scullion A, Thomas KJ, Walters S. Patient reports of adverse events associated with acupuncture treatment: a prospective national survey. Qual Saf Health Care. 2004 Oct;13(5):349-55.

11845.  Manchanda S, Nigam US. Therapeutic evaluation of nasyakarma [Medicine given through nostrils] in facial paralysis [ardita]. Antiseptic. 2004 Jun; 101(6): 218-220.

11846.  Marci CD, Moran EK, Orr SP. Physiologic evidence for the interpersonal role of laughter during psychotherapy. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2004 Oct;192(10):689-95.

11847.  Matalon S, Wright JR. Surfactant proteins and inflammation: the yin and the yang. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2004 Dec;31(6):585-6.

11848.  Modlin T. Psychoneuroimmunology--mind-brain-immune interactions. S Afr Med J. 2004 Oct;94(10):797-8; author reply 798.

11849.  Mollinger H, Schneider R, Loffel M, Walach H. A double-blind, randomized, homeopathic pathogenetic trial with healthy persons: comparing two high potencies. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2004 Oct;11(5):274-80.

11850.  Moseley GL, Nicholas MK, Hodges PW. Does anticipation of back pain predispose to back trouble? Brain. 2004 Oct;127(Pt 10):2339-47.

11851.  Nagaya N, Yamamoto H, Uematsu M, Itoh T, Nakagawa K, Miyazawa T, Kangawa K, Miyatake K. Green tea reverses endothelial dysfunction in healthy smokers. Heart. 2004 Dec;90(12):1485-6.

11852.  Narayanan N, Thirugnanasambantham P, Viswanathan S, Rajarajan S, Sukumar E. Comparative antibacterial activities of clerodendrum serratum and premna herbacea. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2004 Jul-Aug; 66(4): 453-454.

11853.  Nayak NN, Shankar K. Yoga: a therapeutic approach. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2004 Nov;15(4):783-98, vi. Review.

11854.  Notka F, Meier G, Wagner R. Concerted inhibitory activities of Phyllanthus amarus on HIV replication in vitro and ex vivo. Antiviral Res. 2004 Nov;64(2):93-102.

11855.  Nowak-Wegrzyn A, Sampson HA. Food allergy therapy. Immunol Allergy Clin North Am. 2004 Nov;24(4):705-25, viii.

11856.  Ottawa Panel. Ottawa Panel evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for therapeutic exercises in the management of rheumatoid arthritis in adults. Phys Ther. 2004 Oct;84(10):934-72. Review.

11857.  Pelletier CL. The effect of music on decreasing arousal due to stress: a meta-analysis. J Music Ther. 2004 Fall;41(3):192-214.

11858.  Rapoport AM, Bigal ME. Preventive migraine therapy: what is new. Neurol Sci. 2004 Oct;25 Suppl 3:S177-85. Review.

11859.  Sandhu JS, Berri A, Gupta D, Arya M, Singh R, Sandhu P. Essential hypertension- primary prevention. Journal, Indian Academy of Clinical Medicine. 2004 Oct-Dec; 5(4): 306-309.

11860.  Saper RB, Eisenberg DM, Phillips RS. Common dietary supplements for weight loss. Am Fam Physician. 2004 Nov 1;70(9):1731-8. Review.

11861.  Saper RB, Kales SN, Paquin J, Burns MJ, Eisenberg DM, Davis RB, Phillips RS. Heavy metal content of ayurvedic herbal medicine products. JAMA. 2004 Dec 15;292(23):2868-73.

11862.  Schmid W, Aldridge D. Active music therapy in the treatment of multiple sclerosis patients: a matched control study. J Music Ther. 2004 Fall;41(3):225-40.

11863.  Shankar K, Liao LP. Traditional systems of medicine. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2004 Nov;15(4):725-47, v. Review.

11864.  Sharma VK, Choi J, Sharma N, Choi M, Seo SY. In vitro anti-tyrosinase activity of 5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-furfural isolated from Dictyophora indusiata. Phytother Res. 2004 Oct;18(10):841-4.

11865.  Shaver A. Much more than a headache: migraine treatment requires broader spectrum of therapies. Adv Nurse Pract. 2004 Oct;12(10):26-33; quiz 33-4. Review.

11866.  Shermer M. Flying carpets and scientific prayers. Scientific experiments claiming that distant intercessory prayer produces salubrious effects are deeply flawed. Sci Am. 2004 Nov;291(5):34.

11867.  Sherry E, Reynolds M, Sivananthan S, Mainawalala S, Warnke PH. Inhalational phytochemicals as possible treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis: two case reports. Am J Infect Control. 2004 Oct;32(6):369-70.

11868.  Smith JC, Joyce CA. Mozart versus new age music: relaxation states, stress, and ABC relaxation theory. J Music Ther. 2004 Fall;41(3):215-24.

11869.  Srivastava S, Johri J K, Ahmad M R, Pushpangadan P.  Strategies for development of the herbal drugs in the third world countries � a report. J scient ind Res 2004, 63 (7), 618-22.

11870.  Tilak JC, Banerjee M, Mohan H, Devasagayam TP. Antioxidant availability of turmeric in relation to its medicinal and culinary uses. Phytother Res. 2004 Oct;18(10):798-804.

11871.  Turner B, Molgaard C, Marckmann P. Effect of garlic (Allium sativum) powder tablets on serum lipids, blood pressure and arterial stiffness in normo-lipidaemic volunteers: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Br J Nutr. 2004 Oct;92(4):701-6.

11872.  UK BEAM Trial Team. United Kingdom back pain exercise and manipulation (UK BEAM) randomised trial: effectiveness of physical treatments for back pain in primary care. BMJ. 2004 Dec 11;329(7479):1377.

11873.  UK BEAM Trial Team. United Kingdom back pain exercise and manipulation (UK BEAM) randomised trial: cost effectiveness of physical treatments for back pain in primary care. BMJ. 2004 Dec 11;329(7479):1381.

11874.  Vas J, Mendez C, Perea-Milla E, Vega E, Panadero MD, Leon JM, Borge MA, Gaspar O, Sanchez-Rodriguez F, Aguilar I, Jurado R. Acupuncture as a complementary therapy to the pharmacological treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2004 Nov 20;329(7476):1216.

11875.  Villano LM, White AR. Alternative therapies for tobacco dependence. Med Clin North Am. 2004 Nov;88(6):1607-21. Review.

11876.  West J, Otte C, Geher K, Johnson J, Mohr DC. Effects of Hatha yoga and African dance on perceived stress, affect, and salivary cortisol. Ann Behav Med. 2004 Oct;28(2):114-8.

11877.  Wilkins MK, Moore ML. Music intervention in the intensive care unit: a complementary therapy to improve patient outcomes. Evid Based Nurs. 2004 Oct;7(4):103-4.

11878.  Willcox ML, Bodeker G. Traditional herbal medicines for malaria. BMJ. 2004 Nov 13;329(7475):1156-9. Review.

11879.  Zhang MM, Liu XM, He L. Effect of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine on SARS: a review of clinical evidence. World J Gastroenterol. 2004 Dec 1;10(23):3500-5. Review.